Before i start, i want to highlight that the first places you shoud check are;
You can share your survival experiences, skills and tips here (Wilderness survival, bushcraft, extreme weather, homesteading and also in various categories like direction finding, fire starting, shelters etc..)
I think information shared here will be useful for everyone. Especially for people who lived his/her whole life in the cities and never experienced wilderness or extereme conditions. Also will be helpful for people had some experience/knowledge on the subject.
I'm starting with a few tips, and continue to update as much as i can.
Lets learn from each other .
General - Wilderness Survival Rule of Three's
The Rule of Three's is something that everyone should know before taking any camping or backpacking trip. It could save your life.
So what is the Rule of Three's? Well, here we go.
A person can survive for:
It seems pretty obvious what your priorities should be in a wilderness survival situation once it is spelled out like this. However a lot of beginners think that finding food is the first thing they should do. So they spend all of their energy trying to find some berries, and before they know it the sun is setting. It's getting cold. Clouds are rolling in, and it starts raining. They still have no food, and now they don't have any shelter. That is not a situation we would want to be in. How 'bout you?
Your first goal should be to make sure you are sheltered from the elements. Even at 50 degrees you could still get hypothermia - especially if you are wet and the wind is blowing. So you should seek shelter as soon as possible. And in warmer climates, you should seek shelter from the sun as well.
Next you should find water to drink.
Lastly, you need to worry about food.
Direction Finding - Shadow stick method
To determine East-West Line on a sunny day, place a stick upright in the ground. Mark the end of the shadow with a stone. Wait 15 minutes or so, then mark the end of the shadow again with another stone. Place your left heel on the second stone, with your toes pointing towards the first stone.
Your foot should be pointing due west now and if you put your right arm straight out from your side, it will be pointing due North.
Direction Finding - Using stump
If you lost in a wooded area, look for a stump from a logged tree. Observe the growth rings. The southerly direction can be determined by the width of rings. The rings will be wider on the part of the stum that faces south.
Winter weather survival - Coal bed
One of the best ways to stay warm in cold weather is to build a hot coal bed.
- Dig up soil around eight inches deep and as long and as wide as your body.
- Build a fire in the hole. Burn the fire for a certain amount of time. Spread out the coal evenly.
- Fill in the hole with soil and wait about 30 minutes before you place your bed on top. The hot coals will heat up the soil and keep you warm until morning.
You will find that your bed will remain warm throughout the night – even in temperatures below freezing.
Fire starting - Lighting a Fire in the Rain / Snow
Find a tree, preferably, an evergreen. Look on the trunk, or large branches. Find a sap bulk (called pitch).
On evergreen trees, pitch can usually be found where sap builds up on one area.
Chip it from the tree. This and the bark around it are extremely flammable. It will burn hot for some time.
Find dry wood (rain or snow) in close to tree trunks (this receives the least moisture). Keep some 'pitch (dry sap and bark) with you in your survival pack.
This is the best technique to light a fire; keep a lighter with it in your emergency survival gear. A bic lighter is the best lighter to have.
Thank you, Lonne! Any book that routinely advises readers to see a doctor or go to an emergency room is basically useless for the Aftertimes. Where There Is No Doctor infrequently recommends a trip to a hospital and even then this wonderful book provides info on what to do in the meantime. Medical books for the lay reader often leave out which antibiotic to use or what exactly to do; not so with these books!
Those building a medical/dental kit would do well to (legally) duplicate the supplies and equipment recommneded by these books, and sooner rather than later. These books are available as free downloads, and as paperbacks warrant the space/weight in a large backpack.
lonne de vries said:
Another good link, free download
Full First Aid Manual
Rising energy bills are a political hot topic at the moment but one YouTube user has devised a way of heating a room for just 8p a day.
Journalist and boat owner Dylan Winter created his DIY heater using tealights placed inside a bread tin and covered with two ceramic flowerpots.
The system uses the scientific principles of convection heat transfer and Winter claims it can heat his home for around eight hours a day.
In the video, the tealights are put inside a bread loaf tin and covered with a small upside-down flowerpot.
The hole in the top of the upside-down pot is covered with the metal casing leftover from one of the tealights.
This pot is covered by a second, larger pot and the hole in the bigger flowerpot is left uncovered.
The system works because the candles produce gases full of heated particles that are captured and channelled through the pots.
These hot gas particles are lighter than the gases in the air, meaning they rise up into the colder area.
This causes the cold air to fall into the warm areas and creates a convection current which transfers heat from one pot to another, and out of the hole on top.
Winter, who posts to YouTube under the username KeepTurningLeft, is a journalist and boat owner.
He created the DIY heater as an alternative way of heating his boat as well as his office at home.
Winter bought tealights from Ikea that cost £1 for 100, a standard loaf tin, and two different-sized flowerpots.
The smaller flowerpot, when placed upside down, needs to just cover the centre of the loaf tin, while the larger flowerpot needs to sit comfortably over the smaller one.
In the video explaining how to build the heater, Winter lights four of the candles and places them inside the tin.
He places the smaller flowerpot upside down on top of the tin and covers the hole in the pot with one of the metal cases leftover from the tealights.
The larger flowerpot is then placed on top of the smaller one, and its hole is left uncovered.
In the video, the tealights are put inside a bread loaf tin and covered with a small upside-down flowerpot. The hole in the top of the upside-down pot is covered with the metal casing leftover from one of the tealights. This pot is covered by a second, larger pot and the hole in the bigger flowerpot is left uncovered
Journalist and boat owner Dylan Winter, pictured, created his DIY heater using tealights, a loaf tin and two ceramic flowerpots. In the video, pictured, Winter places the tealights inside the small tin before lighting them
Winter explains that the heat from the candles warms the inside of the smaller flowerpot, which becomes an ‘inner core’ that gets ‘very hot.’
A ‘convection of air’ is then created between the smaller and larger pots and this heated air comes out the top of the homemade heater.
The system works because the candles produce gases full of heated particles that are captured and channelled through the pots.
These hot gas particles are lighter than the gases in the air, meaning they rise up into the colder area.
Winter covers the tealights and tin with a small upside-down flowerpot, pictured. The hole in the top of the pot is covered with the metal casing leftover from one of the tealights
This causes the cold air to fall into the warm areas and creates a convection current which transfers heat from the pots and through the hole in the top.
Winter said: ‘People have told me that judicious positioning of flowerpots help to make the heating more efficient. I did not believe it but it really does seem to work.
'You get a nice flow around the [pots] and it warms the room up. You’d be amazed.’
KeepTurningLeft works for Practical Boat Owner magazine and claims he uses the DIY heater on his boat.
Each tealight burns for around four hours, and Dylan Winter uses four tealights in the morning, and four in the afternoon to heat his rooms for eight hours a day.
The smaller pot is covered by a second, larger one and the hole in the bigger flowerpot is left uncovered, pictured. The system works because the candles produce gases full of heated particles that are captured and channelled through the pots
Bugs may not seem like the ideal meal to us, Americans, but eating insects is a common practice in Asian and African countries and even in Australia. And while we find it gross to cook bugs and eat them, people from other parts of the world have put these prejudices aside and are now eating insects for their highly nutritional value.
For example, caterpillars have more protein than an equal quantity of minced beef. Even more so, a study shows that some insects and larvae are much more nutritious than any of our regular foods:
While beef provides 200 – 300 calories per 100 grams (depending on the fat level), live termites provide about 350 calories per 100 grams. Moth larvae are good eats as well, providing nearly 265 calories per 100 Grams (and they`re also ideal if you want a massive protein intake fast, as they`re about 63% protein).
Sure, now you might be thinking that beef is much more delicious than caterpillars or moth larvae, but you`d be surprised to hear how wrong you`d be. Most bugs are very tasty, especially when cooked. There are bugs that taste like apple pie, lemongrass or cinnamon.
So if at some point you`re forced to improvise a meal from whatever you find crawling on the ground, don`t hesitate just because you`ve never eaten bugs before. Try to get rid of your prejudices and see it as a brand new experience. It will not be half bad, I assure you.
So here`s the alphabetical list of bugs you can eat to stay alive and fit:...
Following info deals with the situation of finding your way, without the aid of a compass. What you have, is the sun, the stars, and the nature around you.
Again, the following info is mainly about the northern hemisphere of the earth, actually north of 23.5 °, because I have never been to the southern hemisphere myself (would like to go there of course!). The methods described do of course apply to the southern hemisphere as well, but in some places there may be a need to swap north and south to get it right.
For a start, it may be a good idea to climb a hill, and get a good look around. Try to see traces of human activity. If you see nothing, you should try to figure out in what direction would be the best to travel. If you haven’t got a map, try to draw one if you can of the terrain in front of you, and try to mark off where north is, using the methods below. If you have got a map, try to determine where you are. Remember, you don’t want to climb more hills than you have to. Also you should carefully consider not to climb if you are very tired. In that case you should consider staying where you are. Consult other sources for information on how to make it easy for rescuers.
Let us start with the most accurate method. This method requires that you have a pretty clear sky, though, and takes a lot of time. One of the advantages is that you don’t need any equipment. You would need a straight pole about 1 meter (or a yard) long, two small sticks or rocks, another stick (or rock) that needs to be a little sharp, and something that can act as a string.
In the morning, at least before noon, the trick starts. Stick the long pole in the ground, upright. The ground around the pole needs to be horizontal. Now, you can place one of the little sticks in the ground exactly where the shadow of the pole ends, like on the figure. Then tie the string to the base of the pole, and tie the little, sharp stick, to the other end, so that when the string is stretched it reaches exactly the little stick standing there in the soil. Then, scratch half a circle in the soil with your sharp little stick, and wait… Wait. Wait until the evening. During the day, the shadow will get shorter and shorter, until noon, when it gets longer again. At noon, when the shadow is at its shortest, you may want to mark the point. The shadow is now pointing north (if you are north of 23.5 ° north). It is however not very easy to see exactly when this is, but it is useful anyway. Finally, the shadow reaches your circle again, and when it does, place your other little stick at the spot where the shadow ends. If you haven’t got a string, you could use a pole that has the right length, or try to come up with some other improvised solution. Just make sure what you draw is a circle.
At night, you can navigate after the stars. You should, however, be careful with walking, it is easy to stumble and fall and get injured, and also easy to lose sight of the stars as you go, and you might start going around in circles. Often it will also be more physically and mentally demanding. In the northern hemisphere, there is a star that is almost exactly in the north at all times, the Polaris. It is pretty easy to find, if you know the “Big Dipper”. (Everybody knows the Big Dipper (or the Plough)?) Take the two stars at the end of the “Big Dipper”, and make an imaginary line “upwards”, and extend it five times the distance between the two stars. There you have it – Polaris. That way is always north. The figure is courtesy of Kathy Miles. Used with permission.
In the southern hemisphere, you would have to find the Southern Cross. Because I haven’t been south of the equator, I can’t help you find it, make someone tell you where it is right now, if you don’t know it already. That way is south.
If you have an analog wrist watch, you can use the time to find north. Hold your watch up in front of you, and let the short hand, red on the figure, that indicates hours point at the sun. While holding it like this, cut the angle between the red arrow and 12 o’clock in two, (noonwards if the time is before 6am or after 6pm), that way is south. (The reason you need to cut it in two, is because the clock takes two rotations while the sun takes one around the earth, it is of course the other way around, but never mind.)
Many people wear digital watches these days (I do myself, if I wear one at all). If you do, draw an analog watch face on a piece of paper, and then mark the hour hand on using the digital watch. The rest of the method is identical.
This method can be used even when it is pretty foggy. Although you may not be able to see the sun, it may still cast a shadow. If you take up a straw or a tiny stick, and you may see a shadow. You just have to remember that the shadow points the opposite way from the sun, but the rest of it is quite similar as above.
Want to make your own compass? Sure. You need a needle and a glass of water. A needle can in fact float on the water, or that is, on the surface tension forces if put carefully on the surface. Just put it carefully down on the surface of the water. This demands a lot of patience though. There are three tricks that makes it go easier. One: Put the needle on a piece of paper. If the paper floats too, there is no problem, and if the paper sinks, it’ll probably leave the needle. If you put some grease on the needle that isn’t water-based, it’ll go easier, or if you put it carefully down with a fork or something. Once it has got there, it stays there pretty good.
If the needle is magnetic, it will act as a normal compass and be very accurate. A problem is though, that you don’t know north from south. All you know is that it lays north-south. You would have to use one of the other techniques to find out, or make a good guess.
The greatest problem with this is: Not many needles are made of magnetic materials these days…. You can’t just use any needle. You may just have to look around to see what you can find, if you want to make a yourself a compass.
What if there is no shadow? Then, there are a few methods based on natural signs. I will deal with the ones I have checked myself.
It is very much about trees. First of all, there will be fewer branches to the north. This is usually easiest to see if you look up along the trunk of the tree. The north face of the tree would be more humid than the south face, which is something most species of lichen (or moss) likes, and consequently, there will be more of it on the north face. On the image above, you can also see that ants likes to build their nests on the south side of the tree.
It is also worthwhile to look at how snow melts. In the spring in the mountains, snow will melt faster on the south face of rocks, or in south faced slopes. Also, vegetation and undergrowth will typically be thicker on the South facing slopes, and also fruits ripen earlier on the South facing slopes.
If you use natural signs, you should use as many signs as you can before you draw a conclusion.
Some random bits to add here:
Seeds. You do have seeds right!? They will need to be kept in a water tight container until it's time to use them. A desiccant will also be a good idea to put in the container. A few good names in quality water tight cases that can withstand being under 10-30 feet of water for a few minutes is also a good idea to look into. Look to what's sold to divers and what the current emergency rescue people use for ideas.
Bow saw blade. Just the blade can be curled up and placed in a metal container you already have for food cooking. Then taken out when needed. Use a short nail or similar metal bit on each end to hold the blade. Find a sapling and cut it down with your multi tool saw blade. Use it to make a handle with a slight bend. Hammer the two ends into the blade ends at the nail. Presto! You now have a bow saw and don't need to carry a big bulky handle. When done or need to move again just remove the blade and roll back up for storage.
A good quality multi tool is another must have. You won't be able to carry a big heavy tool box with you if you need to move. Having a quality one with you will be a must have.
For those that may receive the 12 volt DC power pack. They informed us so we can learn and plan for it NOT to demand to have one! I don't know if I'll even have access to one but I can make use of one should I have access to it at some point. The biggest thing I can see electricity being used for will be light. Other than a few flashlights I don't intend to carry lights. Where will one find 12 volt DC lights and bits of wire ready to go? Look no further than the countless destroyed cars that shouldn't be too hard to find. You have a multi tool with you right? Learn some basic wiring now if needed.
Glow sticks are also a good light idea. Look for the ones that will say lit for 8-12 hours.
A regular claw hammer and hatchet for shelter building and working with wood. Also look into what tools where used for woodworking back in the 1800/1900's for other ideas and tools to look for.
Knives. You'll need some kind of knife and one knife type isn't best for all situations so you'll need a few, a small blade, a bowie style is also good for the medium to large, and possibly a machete.
You'll need some kind of way to sharpen your blades. What exactly depends on what you like but make sure you have at least one small compact sharpener. I've seen and have a few of the small compact ones myself to go with my bigger one that I prefer.
Guns. In the end they'll be seen as just be a waste of time and money that could have been used to get other things. Guns also require ammo. When the ammo is gone you have a pricy hammer and that's about it!
"Guns are more dangerous to those holding them, to the group holding them, than to outsiders, as statistics relay. Add to this mix the amount of insanity that will occur as a result of the pole shift - 43% of survivors going insane to some degree, primarily with PTSD - and you have a volatile mix. Looting and roving gangs, under official or other auspices, will soon find their ranks decimated. Stocking guns and ammo is as volatile a mix as storing explosive fuel. We advise against it. . "
Bow and arrows. Either learn how to make one or find one that is small and compact and learn how to make arrows.
Body fat. They do advise on putting on a little weight. I'd say about an extra 10-20lbs would be good BUT at the same time having too much or being overweight is not good. Deal with being overweight now and loose the weight or be forced to deal with it later. They suggest how to deal with people who are overweight. Let them chew on weeds for vitamins until down to a proper weight or if available an egg or two per day and a multi vitamin. Body fat is an energy source that requires no storage, hunting, or cooking.
Shoes. Remember it will be rainy and very wet post pole shift. What kind of shoes will one need? Boots seem like a good idea but you'll want something that will also dry out easily next to a camp fire. Constant wet shoes and feet lead to big health issues, especially in the cold. What kind of shoes depends what do you feel you'll need, where you live, what's available, and so on. Are shoes even needed is another question to ask yourself.
When looking for camping/survival things also look to how they work and think how would you build it with simple tools if you had to. You won't be able to get everything and some of the things you do get can be lost. You won't have a store to run to and get another. You'll have to make do with what you can find and make.
READ!!! I can't stress this enough. Read things now, you have no excuses! You have many ways to get the knowledge now. Most of the ways are free or cost very little. From libraries to the internet. Don't forget the internet is available and with you on your smart phone, if you have one, 24/7. Have a few minutes read about first aid, farming, how to garden, how to work with wood, and so on. Don't want to read? Then look on youtube and watch. Facebook can wait 10 minutes. And remember facebook won't be around post pole shift so why are you wasting so much time with it now?
Look into ways to make fire other than matches. Many things can be used. A lighter is good to have but if that lighter takes fuel it can't be refilled when the fuel is not available.
Silver. While not advised by them to invest in it does have powerful antibacterial properties. Having a little bit can be used to help keep things sterilized like stored water that's been processed and will keep bacteria from growing in it. It was also used way back to help keep milk from going bad.
Learn how to repurpose things. Don't look at a destroyed building as a bunch of rubble. It has wood, piping, insulation, wiring and lights, and so on. So much can be reused.
Look to current natural disasters that go on that you see about on the news or read about. Place yourself in that area and remove the support given after it happens by the governments. Ask yourself IF I was in that position what would be needed? What knowledge would one need to know? What tools and things would be needed? Anything you can think of that would be needed that you can easily get now for use in that situation? And so on.
That's all I can think of right now. If I think of more I'll add.
Guess this is the best place to put this.
Need a water filter? Peel a tree branch
MIT group shows xylem tissue in sapwood can filter bacteria from contaminated water.
Picture of it: