Disease outbreaks will increase as per ZetaTalk


Taking Sick

On Jan 15, 1998 ZetaTalk stated that Illness will increase as Planet X approaches.  Zetas right again !!!

ZetaTalk: Take Sick, written Feb 15, 1998.
Increasingly, as the pole shift nears, the populace will take sick. This will take the form of known illnesses occurring more frequently, seemingly depressed immune systems, but will also appear as new and puzzling illnesses not seen before in the memory of man. What is going on here?

The changes at the core of the Earth that have resulted in El Nino weather patterns and white buffalo and deformed frogs also affect man. The germs are on the move. Their carriers are on the move. And thus humans are exposed to diseases that are so rare as to be undocumented in medical journals.

You will see increasing illness, odd illnesses, microbes that travel because an insect is scattering about and spreading germs in places where it normally doesn't travel. 90% of all the illness and distress you're going to see is a natural situation, a natural occurrence. Because of the changing, swirling in the core of the Earth, and this will continue to up-tick until the pole shift.

And reiterated in 1999

ZetaTalk: Next 3 1/2 Years, written Sep 15, 1999.
Sickness will slightly increase from where it is today. There is a lot of illness now because people who are already unstable are unable to take the turmoil caused by the increased emanations from the Earth. Some of them have simply sensed what is coming and have decided to die. This is true of animals as well as humans. Sickness will increase, but not to the point where it is going to get exponentially worse.

On Feb 2, 2000 a Washington report confirmed this increase, and published concerns were subsequently reported.

Diseases From Around World Threatening U.S.
Reuters, Feb 2, 2000
30 New Diseases Make Global Debut
At least 30 previously unknown diseases have appeared globally since 1973, including HIV, AIDS, Hepatitis C, Ebola haemorrhagic fever and the encephalitis-related Nipah virus that emerged in Indonesia. Twenty well-known infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria, and cholera have re-emerged or spread since 1973.
Is Global Warming Harmful to Health?
Scientific American, August 2000
Notably, computer models predict that global warming, and other climate alterations it induces, will expand the incidence and distribution of many serious medical disorders. Disturbingly, these forecasts seem to be coming true.

And since this time, SARS and increased incidence of flesh eating disease,
and entire cruise ships regularly returning to port with the passengers ill with stomach flu have been reported.
Depressed immune systems?
Zetas RIGHT Again!

After the pole shift, there will be many opportunistic diseases that will afflict mankind. This does not require an imagination, as today they afflict mankind after disasters. The primary affliction will be from sewage laden water, which will pollute the drinking water man is forced to use. We have been adamant about mankind distilling their drinking water after the pole shift for this reason. Distillation removes heavy metals as well as killing microbes by the boiling process. Any disease that flourishes in malnourished bodies and in areas of poor hygiene will take advantage of the pole shift disasters. Scurvy due to lack of Vitamin C will occur, with bleeding gums and even death if not corrected. Many weeds are high in Vitamin C and survivors should arm themselves with knowledge about the vitamin content of weeds. Unprotected sex by survivors either taking advantage of the weak, as in rape, or by simple distraction and grief and a lack of contraceptive devices will spread AIDS and hepatitis. Morgellons, which is caused by a synergy of parasites and microbes when the immune system is low will likely increase. There will be outbreaks of diseases which were endemic in the past, such as small pox or measles, but in those survivor communities where the members have been immunized in the past these will be limited and quarantines can help in this regard.



Chile battles youth unrest and typhoid fever outbreak

September 15, 2011SANTIAGOChile’s problems dealing with youth unrest over slow education reforms are being compounded by concerns the capital may be in the grip of a typhoid fever outbreak. The government has battled to enforce restraint on law enforcement agencies amid angry student-led protests, which have disrupted urban centers across the country for more than a month. The reforms demanded by youth groups are nowhere near being implemented and protests continue to simmer with support from teachers and workers unions. Now authorities are faced with the more immediate risk of typhoid. Health authorities issued repeated alerts for tougher hygiene checks and controls after they found several people infected and seriously ill with typhoid in the western metropolitan area of Santiago. At least seven cases were confirmed by the Public Health Institute but there were no immediate reports of fatalities. “Typhoid fever is an acute infectious disease triggered by a salmonella bacteria strain,” Institute Director Maria Teresa Valenzuela said. In most cases the infection is caused by consumption of contaminated food and drink or fruit and vegetables grown in areas where contaminated water is used in irrigation. Typhoid fever produces symptoms of high fever, diarrhea or intense headaches. The Santiago region has been prone to typhoid outbreaks since the 1990s when incidence of the disease caused up to 190 cases a year.


Epidemic Hazard in India on Saturday, 17 September, 2011 at 03:16 (03:16 AM) UTC.

The Department of Health and Family Welfare has informed that it had received a message through telephone on 12th September 2011 of an outbreak of fever of unknown cause leading to three deaths at Poilwa village, Peren District. Immediately the State Rapid Response Team (RRT) of Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP), Nagaland, comprising of Dr. John Kemp (State Surveillance Officer), Dr. Sao Tunyi (Epidemiologist), Dr. Kevisevolie Sekhose (Epidemiologist), and Venezo Vasa (Entomologist) conducted an outbreak investigation at Poilwa village. The team collected three samples from suspected cases out of which all the three were tested positive for Scrub Typhus. Till date, there are 9 cases with 3 deaths. This was stated in a official press note issued by Dr. Imtimeren Jamir, the Principal Director, Directorate of Health & Family Welfare, Kohima. Scrub Typhus is Rickettsial disease caused Orientia tsutsugamushi and transmitted by the bite of mite called Leptotrombidium deliense. In Nagaland, it was formerly detected by IDSP with Central Surveillance Team at Longsa village Mokokchung in 2006, and in Porba village of Phek District in 2007. The State RRT team carried out the outbreak investigation along with doing and entomological survey. The patients were treated with appropriate medicines and awareness and preventive measures were communicated with the villagers. The concerned local health authorities and programs are informed for further necessary action. The mop-up operation is being carried out by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Program.
Biohazard name: Typhus (Scrub)
Biohazard level: 3/4 Hight
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.
Symptoms: - After bite by infected mite larvae called chiggers, papule develops at the biting site which ulcerates and eventually heals with the development of a black eschar. - Patients develop sudden fever with headache, weakness, myalgia, generalized enlargement of lymph nodes, photophobia, and dry cough. - A week later, rash appears on the trunk, then on the extremities, and turns pale within a few days. - Symptoms generally disappear after two weeks even without treatment. - However, in severe cases with Pneumonia and Myocarditis, mortality may reach 30% Diagnosis - The most commonly used test for diagnosis is Wel-Felix Test, which is available at State IDSP laboratory, Kohima. - More specific serological tests like detection of IgM can also be done for diagnosis.



Turns out, the plague isn't just ancient history. New Mexico health officials recently confirmed the first human case of bubonic plague — previously known as the "Black Death" — to surface in the U.S. in 2011. 

An unidentified 58-year-old man was hospitalized for a week after suffering from a high fever, pain in his abdomen and groin, and swollen lymph nodes, reports the New York Daily News. (Officials declined to say when the man was released from the hospital.) A blood sample from the man tested positive for the disease.


Epidemic Hazard in USA on Saturday, 17 September, 2011 at 03:33 (03:33 AM) UTC.

Umatilla County health officials today confirmed a case of plague in an adult male county resident. He may have been infected while hunting in Lake County, noted Sharon Waldern, clinic supervisor for the county’s public health department. “Lake County had two cases of human plague last year.” The man has been hospitalized and is receiving treatment, Waldern noted. “People need to realize he was never considered contagious and he started treatment fairly quickly.” Plague is spread to humans through a bite from an infected flea. The disease is serious but treatable with antibiotics if caught early, officials said. Plague can be passed from fleas feeding on infected rodents and then transmitted to humans. Direct contact with infected tissues or fluids from handling sick or dead animals can pass the disease, as well as through respiratory droplets from cats and humans with pneumonic plague, officials said in a press release. Some types are spread from person to person, but that is not the case here, Waldern said. Symptoms typically develop within one to four days and up to seven days after exposure and include fever, chills, headache, weakness and a bloody or watery cough due to pneumonia, enlarged, tender lymph nodes, abdominal pain and bleeding into the skin or other organs.

Plague is rare in Oregon. Only three human cases have been diagnosed since 1995 and they all recovered. Last year two human cases of plague were diagnosed in Lake County. As far as she knows, this is the first ever incident in Umatilla County. “In this recent case it is important to stay away from flea-infested areas and to recognize the symptoms. People can protect themselves, their family members and their pets,” said Genni Lehnert-Beers, administrator for Umatilla County Health Department. “Using flea treatment on your pets is very important, because your pets can bring fleas into your home.” People should contact their health care provider or veterinarian if plague is suspected. Early treatment for people and pets with appropriate antibiotics is essential to curing plague infections. Untreated plague can be fatal for animals and people. Antibiotics to prevent or treat plague should be used only under the direction of a health care provider. Additional steps to prevent flea bites include wearing insect repellent, tucking pant cuffs into socks when in areas heavily occupied by rodents, and avoiding contact with wildlife including rodents.
Biohazard name: Plague (Bubonic)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.

The Black Death: Bubonic Plague








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Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on June 8, 2015 at 4:10am


MERS outbreak: 2,300-plus quarantined; 1,800 schools closed in South Korea

By Kathy Novak and Holly Yan CNN 

SEOUL, South Korea (CNN) -- Fears of MERS in South Korea are growing by the day, with more than 2,300 people quarantined as the country grapples with the outbreak.

More than 1,800 schools will be closed for several days amid concerns of the spread of Middle East respiratory syndrome. They include at least 1,255 schools in Gyeonggi province, the area outside Seoul where the outbreak started and where a South Korean air force member stationed at a U.S. air base has been isolated with the illness.

Other closed schools are in the Gangnam region, near the Samsung Seoul hospital -- the most affected hospital in the city.

In total, 87 people have contracted the virus, and six people have died, according to official numbers.

Potential exposure through doctor

South Korea's capital has asked more than 1,500 people to self-quarantine because they unknowingly attended a symposium with a doctor who was infected with MERS, Seoul's mayor said.

Mayor Park Won-soon said all 1,565 people who attended the symposium should stay at home as a precaution to avoid spreading MERS in the unlikely event they contracted it at the meeting.

The mayor said the city is considering measures that would force these people to stay at home, and that officials are trying to determine where else the doctor traveled while he had symptoms.

Kang Shin-myun, Seoul chief of police, said it will enforce quarantine orders for those suspected of having MERS.

"We will deal strongly with anyone who escalates unnecessary sense of public uneasiness," he said.

Air force member infected

A South Korean air force member stationed at a U.S. air base tested positive for MERS last week and remains in isolation at a military hospital on the base, a South Korean Ministry of National Defense official said.

The sergeant had received treatment for an Achilles' heel at the same hospital that had the first MERS patient in South Korea, who became sick after visiting four Middle Eastern countries.

There are no other diagnosed cases of MERS on base, according to Osan Air Base. The United States built the base, south of Seoul, during the Korean War.

MERS doesn't transmit easily

MERS, which surfaced three years ago, is not well-understood. Because the virus is still fairly new, doctors and scientists do not know the exact source or mode of its transmission.

MERS spreads from close contact with an ill person, such as living with or caring for them, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The South Korean outbreak had its first case on May 20. The vast majority of the cases are hospital clusters, and the deaths were among people with pre-existing health conditions.

Experts from the World Health Organization who have dealt with MERS are coming to South Korea to assess the pattern of the virus spread and to look at public health response efforts.

The outbreak in South Korea has been the largest outside Saudi Arabia -- where the virus was discovered.

But South Korea is far from alone in the battle. As of Wednesday, 1,179 cases of MERS have been confirmed in 25 countries, WHO said. Two of those cases were in the United States -- both were health workers who lived in Saudi Arabia.

Comment by Yvonne Lawson on May 24, 2015 at 10:39am

94 pupils at the same Devon secondary school test positive for tuberculosis after mass test following three confirmed cases since March

Ninety-four pupils at the same secondary school have tested positive for tuberculosis. 

It follows three confirmed cases of infectious TB at the same school - Teign School in South Devon - in March this year. 

Since then, 300 people of the 1,400 staff and pupils at the school have been screened. The 94 have tested positive for the 'latent' - or inactive - form of the disease.

The rest of the school and former pupils are now being tested and those who have had a positive result are being reviewed by a specialist team at Torbay Hospital. 

TB is a bacterial infection that usually affects the lungs. It is passed on through coughs and sneezes among people who have been in close contact. 

Health officials have confirmed the number of positive tests are higher than expected, but Public Health England said a positive test does not usually result in infectious TB.  

Dr Sarah Harrison, deputy director of health protection for the Devon, Cornwall and Somerset Public Health England Centre, said: 'Most people with latent TB will never develop an active infection, especially if they receive antibiotics, but it is important that people with latent TB are aware of their status if they do develop an active infection.

'People who do develop TB disease are not infectious in the early stages of illness. TB is normally a curable infection which can be treated effectively with antibiotics, particularly if found early.'

The school confirmed screening will continue from June 22 for three weeks to complete the testing of the rest of the pupils and staff.

Teign School are also calling back students and staff who have left the school since last summer as a precautionary measure. 

Mark Woodlock, headmaster of Teign School said: 'We continue to work very closely with the Public Health Service to ensure the health and well-being of our students.

'Our concerns remain first and foremost with the health of our pupils, and every precaution is being taken.'  

NHS England said in 2013 there were 7,290 cases of TB reported across England - about 13.5 cases per 100,000 of the population.

The UK has the second highest rate of TB among western European countries and rates are nearly five times higher than in the US. 

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3094237/94-pupils-Devon-sec... 

More info about Latent TB : http://www.thetruthabouttb.org/what-is-tb/latent-tb/ 

Comment by lonne de vries on May 3, 2015 at 1:19pm

Pit Bull Spreads Plague to Four People


An outbreak of plague that affected four people and a dog in Colorado might be the first instance of person-to-person transmission of plague in the United States in 90 years, officials said Thursday.

It started with a sick pit bull, and its owner, two vet techs and a close personal contact of the dog's owner all ended up infected. The dog died but all four people were treated with antibiotics and are okay.

And while the Yersinia pestis bacteria that causes plague is usually passed along in flea bites, the pneumonic form that infects the lungs can be transmitted by little droplets in a cough or through other close contact.

The last documented case of human-to-human transmission of plague in the U.S. was during an outbreak in Los Angeles in 1924.

Either way, the case is unusual and serves as a warning to doctors and vets alike to be on the lookout for plague when animals or people have unusual respiratory symptoms and have been in possible contact with rodents such as prairie dogs or squirrels

Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on April 28, 2015 at 5:37am


As the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Vessel Sanitation Program personnel go aboard the Princess Cruises’ Coral Princess when it docks in Los Angeles today, they will be facing an norovirus outbreak investigation which has sickened 111 passengers and crew, according to the most up-to-date data.



The 99 passengers and 12 crew members that were taken ill were testing on board the ship for norovirus using a rapid test kit.

This will be the sixth cruise ship outbreak investigated by CDC officials this year, five of the outbreaks have been confirmed as being caused by norovirus.

In response to the outbreak, Princess Cruises’ and the crew aboardthe ship are taking the following actions: Increasing cleaning and disinfectionprocedures according to their outbreak prevention and response plan, making announcements to notify onboard passengers of the outbreak, encourage case reporting, and encourage hand hygiene and collected stool specimens from ill passengers and crew.

Norovirus is a very contagious virus. You can get norovirus from an infected person, contaminated food or water, or by touching contaminated surfaces. The virus causes your stomach or intestines or both to get inflamed (acute gastroenteritis). This leads you to have stomach pain, nausea, anddiarrhea and to throw up.

Anyone can be infected with norovirus and get sick. Also, you can have norovirus illness many times in your life. Norovirus illness can be serious, especially for young children and older adults.

Norovirus is the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis in the United States. Each year, it causes 19-21 million illnesses and contributes to 56,000-71,000 hospitalizations and 570-800 deaths.

Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on April 17, 2015 at 1:23am


Thursday, 16 April 2015

Ondo battles strange disease outbreak, 28 killed already (Premium Times)

The Ondo State Government is working to eradicate a strange disease which suddenly broke out in the Ode-Irele community of Ondo state, leading to the death of no fewer than 28 people in the past three days.
Residents say the disease broke out three days ago and spread rapidly around the community, killing its victim within 24 hours.
The cause of the disease remained unknown. 
Experts say preliminary reports from victims revealed neurologic clinical symptoms: blindness, and loss of consciousness.
Ebola Alert, an evidence-driven group of volunteer professionals who helped with the Ebola Virus Disease interventions in the country, said 28 people have died from the disease.
But the State Health Commissioner, Dayo Adeyanju, put the number of dead victims at 12.
Mr. Adeyanju, while briefing newsmen in Akure, said preliminary investigations showed that the disease is not Ebola “as it does not manifest any of its symptoms, but it attacks the central nervous system of the victims”.
He said the state government, after getting information on the disease, immediately deployed officials who took samples from victims which was sent to Lagos for laboratory analysis to help understand the nature of the disease.
Mr. Adeyanju, who warned against spreading false information on social media, said the government is on top of the situation, and advised people in the council area to report any strange illness to the nearest health facility.
He assured that the government is also doing its best to contain the disease from further spreading out of the town while those infected were being quarantined at the General Hospital, Irele, with other patients moved out of the facility.
The Health Commissioner also advised people of the area to avoid handling dead bodies at this period to help contain further spread of the disease.
A journalist who visited the affected community Thursday said he was told by residents that the ailment had spiritual undertone.
“Community leaders said some people broke into a shrine, and the god became angry with them, striking all those people who have hands in the act,” the journalist said, asking not to be named.
“Our team also saw people performing rituals in the community. They believe that the ritual will appease the god and that the disease will end.”
But the state’s Commissioner for Information, Kayode Akinmade, said he was not aware of any spiritual dimension to the development.
“All I can tell you is that medical experts are on ground, attending to victims and doing all the necessary tests. Government is working hard to contain the disease, and I can tell you that it is under control,” Mr. Akinmade told PREMIUM TIMES.
Ebola Alert later posted an update on its twitter handle on Thursday night saying the disease is under control and that its cause was being investigated.
The organisation said the Federal Ministry of Health, the World Health Organisation, and the National Centre for Disease Control had been alerted of the outbreak
Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on February 15, 2015 at 4:45am


New HIV Strain that Becomes AIDS in 3 Years Discovered in Cuba

Feb 14, 2015 08:31 PM EST


A new HIV strain that is so aggressive that it can become full-blown AIDS in just three years was discovered by a team of international researchers in Cuba.

Researchers at KU Leuven's Laboratory for Clinical and Epidemiological Virology described how the HIV strain spreads in the body of the host. In common HIV infection, the virus enters the human cells through anchor points called CCR5 before it switches to the anchor point CXCR4. This process usually takes 10 years until the virus switches to full-blown AIDS.

But based on the observation in infected patients in Cuba, the HIV strain was found to switch in just three years, much faster than the usual progression because it directly attacks the CXCR4 upon initial contact.

The international researchers led by professor Anne-Mieke Vandamme examined the blood samples of 73 newly infected patients; 73 percent of them were already AIDS-positive. They compared these samples to those collected from 22 patients diagnosed with AIDS who underwent regular progression.

The researchers observed that the blood samples of those infected with the aggressive form of HIV strain had unusually high doses of the virus and the molecule RANTES that binds the CCR5 to protect the cell from the virus. The high concentration of RANTES implied that the CCR5 was no longer available and that the strain had started targeting the CXCR4.

Based on the speed of the progression, infected patients would be AIDS-positive in three years without even realizing that they are critically ill.

The HIV strain in Cuba is considered unique at this point although scientists are aware that the virus can mutate.

"The only thing now is that in Cuba, it is associated with rapid progression [of the disease]. It's something that hasn't been seen before that clearly," Hector Bolivar, a physician and infectious disease specialist at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, told the Miami Herald. He wasn't part of the study.

The study was published in the journal EBioMedicine.

Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on February 15, 2015 at 4:42am


Florin High student tests positive for tuberculosis

Classmates to undergo testing

By Cameron Macdonald - Citizen News Editor
Published: Friday, February 13, 2015 4:49 PM PST
Sacramento County health officials announced on Feb. 6 that 16 students at Florin High School tested positive for tuberculosis. County and Elk Grove school district staff tested more than 155 people for the disease at the school on Feb. 3.

These skin tests were performed after one student was diagnosed last month with an infectious form of the airborne disease that can cause severe bacterial infections in the lungs. That patient was removed from school and placed in home care during the week before the school-wide tests were done.

In the Feb. 3 tests, the infected students reportedly have a “latent” version of the disease that is not infectious and does not show symptoms. County spokesperson Laura McCasland said on Feb. 9 they are permitted to remain at school. 

The patients who tested positive will undergo chest X-rays and preventative treatment that includes weekly doses of medicine and therapy, officials said.

“With these results, we don’t see a lot of evidence of transmission,” Sacramento County Public Health Officer Dr. Olivia Kasirye said in a press statement. “Those who tested positive will be further evaluated.”

She added that her staff is scheduling new tests in 8-10 weeks for students or school employees who tested negative since the disease could arise during that time.

An information night for Florin parents was held on Feb. 2 where they learned about the disease and the screening process, district spokesperson Xanthi Pinkerton said. Another meeting is being planned for the future. 

Readers with questions about tuberculosis can call (916) 875-5881. Concerned parents can call Florin High School at (916) 689-8600
Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on November 22, 2014 at 4:04am


Madagascar: Plague Outbreak Kills 40

The World Health Organization reported Friday that an outbreak of plague, the infamous scourge that killed millions in the Dark Ages, has been recorded in parts ofMadagascar, the Indian Ocean island nation off the coast of southeastern Africa. In an alert posted on its website, the W.H.O. said at least 119 plague cases, including 40 deaths, had been confirmed since the nation’s Health Ministry identified the first case nearly three months ago. The statement said cases had been reported in seven regions, including the capital, Antananarivo, raising the “risk of a rapid spread of the disease due to the city’s high population density and the weakness of the health care system.” Efforts to combat the outbreak, the statement said, have been hampered by the country’s opposition to a type of insecticide used to control fleas, the primary spreader of the disease from rodents to humans.

Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on October 29, 2014 at 1:17am


Global infection outbreaks, unique diseases rising since 1980

Global infection outbreaks, unique diseases rising since 1980

A global map plots cumulative outbreaks of human infectious disease since 1980. Darker shaded nations had more outbreaks. Credit: Brown University

Enterovirus. Tuberculosis. Cholera. Measles. Various strains of the flu and hepatitis. The number of infectious disease outbreaks and the number of unique illnesses causing them appear to be increasing around the globe, according to a new Brown University analysis of more than 12,000 outbreaks affecting 44 million people worldwide over the last 33 years.

Menacing as that may sound, these preliminary findings also reveal an encouraging trend. On a per capita basis, the impact of the outbreaks is declining. In other words, even though the globe faces more outbreaks from more pathogens, they tend to affect a shrinking proportion of the world population.

"We live in a world where human populations are increasingly interconnected with one another and with animals—both wildlife and livestock—that host novel pathogens," said Katherine Smith, assistant professor of biology and co-lead author of the study, with Brown University colleagues Cici Bauer, assistant professor of biology, and Sohini Ramachandran, assistant professor of biostatistics, in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface. "These connections create opportunities for pathogens to switch hosts, cross borders, and evolve new strains that are stronger than what we have seen in the past."

Sure enough, animals are the major source of what ails us. The analysis revealed that 65 percent of diseases in the dataset were "zoonoses," meaning they come from animals. Ebola, for instance, may have come from bats. In all, such diseases caused 56 percent of outbreaks since 1980.

Newly derived data

To perform the analysis, the team worked to derive quantifiable data from the prose reports of outbreaks stored in the Global Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Online Network (GIDEON). They developed a "bioinformatics pipeline" to automate the creation of a database comprising 12,102 outbreaks of 215 infectious diseasesinvolving 44 million cases in 219 countries between 1980 and 2013.

Brown's Institute for the Study of Environment and Society funded the work.

They are now making the database publicly available on Ramachandran's server.

The raw numbers revealed a steep rise in the number of outbreaks globally.

"GIDEON defines an outbreak as an increase in the number of cases of disease beyond what would normally be expected in a defined community, geographical area, or season," Ramachandran said.

Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on September 19, 2014 at 3:54am


Venezuela on alert over mysterious, deadly disease

Published On: Sep 17 2014 10:15:49 AM EDT

The deaths of 10 people in the past week of a mysterious disease in several cities in Venezuela, including the capital of Caracas, have caused panic within the population and has prompted doctors to sound the alarm.

A government spokesman minimized the warnings and described efforts to notify the public of a disease that has killed four adults and four children as a "campaign of disinformation and terrorism."

Despite the government's indifference, the country's doctors insist there is plenty of reason for concern about a highly dangerous and contagious disease of unknown origin.

In its initial stages, the disease presents symptoms of fever and spots on the skin, and then produces large blisters and internal and external bleeding, according to data provided week stop by the College of Physicians of the state of Aragua, where the first cases were reported.

Then, very quickly, patients suffer from respiratory failure, liver failure and kidney failure. Venezuelan doctors have not been able to determine what the disease is, much less how to fight it.

The government has denied the existence of "a mysterious disease" and described the information provided by the doctors as a "media campaign against Venezuela."

The governor of the state of Aragua, Tarek El-Aissami and Communications Minister Delcy Rodriguez, refer to the warnings as a "defamatory" strategy to "distress to the population."

Some theories being examined include the possibility that the disease could be a new type of very aggressive and severe dengue, an atypical version of the Chikunguña fever or an Ebola virus appearance in Venezuela.


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