2017 Seismic activity. 'Wastewater-injection theory' failed?

References: Earthquake data [1]

ZetaTalk Prediction 4/15/1999: You're going to have increasing earthquake tremblers. This will be defused by the media which will fail to report them.

ZetaTalk: Christmas Hammer 12/21/2007Great quakes that affect the globe in its entirety must first occur at one of the brake points in the global mesh of plates. For the Earth, this is primarily the point where the Indo-Australian plate dives under the Himalayas.

Zetas predicted that earthquakes will increase in strength and frequency. It really happened. Although this growth has no linear or exponential character. But has the form of clusters. This is confirmed by some scientific articles:

  • Parsons, T., and E. L. Geist (2014), The 2010–2014.3 global earthquake rate increase, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 4479–4485, doi:10.1002/2014GL060513 Link

  • Lay, T. (2015). The surge of great earthquakes from 2004 to 2014 [Abstract]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 409, 133-146. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.10.047 Link

  • Ammon, C. J., Lay, T., & Simpson, D. W. (2010). Great Earthquakes and Global Seismic Networks. Seismological Research Letters, 81(6), 965-971. doi:10.1785/gssrl.81.6.965 Link

  • and etc.

A grounded fishing boat on Thursday in the Chilean port of Coquimbo, north of Santiago. There were at least 11 deaths as a result of Wednesday's earthquake. Credit Martin Bernetti/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images Image source: nytimes.com

We can quickly verify this assumption, (without any graphs and etc) M>9 earthquakes: 

  • 1952 Kamchatka earthquake

  • 1960 Chile earthquake

  • 1964 Alaska earthquake

And

  • 2004 Sumatra earthquake
  • 2011 Japan earthquake

Strange yea? 2004 is an incredible coincidence. 

Although some articles say that this is statically insignificant. That is too short a period of observation in order to draw any conclusions. [29] In the end, the cluster of the 1960s was stronger.

Indian Ocean (Jan. 2, 2005) – A village near the coast of Sumatra lays in ruin after the Tsunami that struck South East Asia. Helicopters assigned to Carrier Air Wing Two (CVW-2) and Sailors from USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) are conducting humanitarian operations in the wake of the Tsunami that struck South East Asia. Image source: en.wikipedia.org

In essence, the situation looks like this:

References: Earthquake data [1]

It's noteworthy that many large earthquakes took place near Sumatra (2004, 2012 and etc):

The 2004 cluster also set some records

  • 2013 Russia, Okhotsk sea largest/longest/most energy deep earthquake ever
  • 2012 Indian ocean earthquake ruptures 5 fault grid- and largest strike-slip quake ever
  • 2004 Sumatra earthquake include the longest fault rupture ever observed (720 to 780 miles or 1,200 to 1,300 kilometers) and the longest duration of faulting (at least 10 minutes). The aftershocks included the most energetic earthquake swarm ever observed

There are many other anomalies like the earthquakes in Oklahoma but these are the most important

References: Earthquake data [1]

Local seismic networks

Record earthquakes have recently increased. And below is a small statistic that shows this.

Millions still homeless a year after Sichuan earthquake. Photo: EPA. Image source: telegraph.co.uk

Not all countries have their seismic networks. Some data are not available. 

References: Earthquake data [1]

We see that the strongest/record earthquakes have more significance than many small ones. 

References: Earthquake data [1]

Largest earthquakes ever (26 countries):

2011 Japan, 2004 Indonesia, 2016 South Korea [34], 2014 Thailand [2], 2009 Namibia [3], 2013 Iran, 2013 Pakistan [4], 2006 Mozambique, 2009 Honduras, 2012 Norway [5], 2002 Kosovo, 2016 Northern Mariana islands, 2004 Morroco, 2012 Ireland [6], 2009 Benin, 2008 Western Sahara, 2012 Mauritania (same magnitude as in 1993), 2000 Nigeria, 2008 Rwanda, 2002 UAE, 2017 Niger, 2001 Angola, 2010 Denmark, 2017 Mexico

Second-strongest earthquake ever (13 countries):

2016 Botswana [7], 2012 Canada [8], 2008 China (same magnitude as in 1932, 1931), 2016 New Zealand (same magnitudeas in 1929, 1931 and 2009), 2010 Chile, 2013 Canary islands, 2012 Costa Rica [9], 2009 Samoa, 2015 Nepal, 2009 Bhutan, 2003 Algeria, 2017 Zambia, 2009 Malawi, 2002 Tunisia

Strongest since ... (16 countries): 

2010 Haiti (in 200 years) [10], 2014 Sweden (in 100 years) [11], 2011 Hungary (since 1985) [12], 2009 Portugal (since 1969) [13], 2015 Malaysia (strongest since 1976) [14], 2011 US East coast (strongest since 1944) [15], 2014 Czech Republic (strongest since 1985) [16], 2016 Italy (strongest since 1980) [17], 2016 Ecuador (strongest since 1979) [18], 2014 South Africa (strongest since 1969) [19], 2015 Afghanistan (strongest since 1909), 2000 Turkmenistan (strongest since 1948), 2007 Laos (strongest since 1983), 2012 Guniea (strongest since 1983), 2014 Puerto Rico (strongest since 1943), 2013 Russia (strongest since 1952)

References: Earthquake data [1]

Government officials walk down a recently cleared roadway where the earthquake-spawned tsunami caused a massive fuel spill and fire. PHOTOGRAPH BY: BRIAN VAN DER BRUG / LOS ANGELES TIMES. Image source: framework.latimes.com

It's pretty incredible. We see that the large record earthquakes have increased


2017 Seismic activity. Big three

Last year had some records of seismic activity. 

Mexico

In 2017, Mexico was hit by an incredible earthquake. Many buildings in the capital were destroyed. This earthquake was one of the strongest in all of history of Mexico. The magnitude of the earthquake was 8.2 [20]. Only the earthquake of 1932 has the same magnitude!

References: Earthquake data [1]

There is also an earthquake in 1787 (8.4-8.7) but it was not instrumentally recorded.

Dust rises over down town Mexico City during a 7.1 earthquake, Tuesday, Sept. 19, 2017. (Francisco Caballero Gout via AP). Image source: indiatoday.in

Until 2012, the situation in Mexico was stable. But in 2012 the situation changed, with the strongest earthquake in the last 30 years. The chart below shows this:

References: Earthquake data [1]

Later the situation stabilized. And again the explosion in 2017 with a record earthquake. From this graph we can conclude: small earthquakes don't matter! It also shows the graph below:

References: Earthquake data [1]

Small earthquakes are only aftershocks from large/record quakes. We also need to take into account some factors, for example, the increase in seismic stations and etc:

Image source: ssn.unam.mx

"Figure 8 shows the earthquake catalog in Mexico from 1900 to date. The horizontal axis represents the years and vertical axis the magnitude of the earthquakes, is clearly appreciates that since the expansion of the Seismic Service Network National Seismological Survey in the 1970s, it was possible to detect and locate more earthquakes of magnitudes less than 6. Since the National Seismological Service began to exchange data with regional seismic networks it was possible to detect number of small earthquakes in the Mexican Republic. In Figure 8, the 5 earthquakes of magnitudes greater than 8 that have been recorded since there are seismic instruments, are presented in circles. These five earthquakes are those that are observed in Figure 7, the two red circles represent the 2 earthquakes of magnitude 8.2 that have occurred in Mexico during that period of time. The last of them is the September 7 earthquake of 2017 in Chiapas." [24]

Thus, it's the large/record earthquakes that are the indicator of seismic activity.

The hotel 'Ane Centro' was damaged after a 8.2 magnitude earthquake in Matias Romero, Oaxaca, Mexico. PHOTOGRAPH BY ANGEL HERNANDEZ, EPA. Image source: nationalgeographic.com

This earthquake also affected the United States:

Image source: newsweek.com

"4 October, 2017. The ongoing earthquake swarm at the Yellowstone National Park supervolcano is now one of the longest ever recorded, having started on June 12. Over the past three and a half months, almost 2,500 earthquakes have been recorded in the western part of the national park. This puts it on a par with the biggest swarm ever recorded, where more than 3,000 earthquakes took place over three months. <...> This story has been corrected to reflect  that the current swarm is one of the longest on record, rather than the longest. The swarm in 1985 was longer if the tail end of seismicity is taken into account. " - [23] writes Newsweek

It also swept Texas:

"27 September, 2017. Earthquakes Return to North Texas.

This summer two earthquakes shook North Texas within just weeks of each other. The U.S. Geological Society (USGS) recorded temblors in the Irving area of magnitudes 3.1 and 2.7, on August 27 and September 1, respectively. The USGS did not record earthquakes of that magnitude and frequency in the region since before 2016, according to a recently published seismological report." -  [22] writes Texasmonthly

Scientists have noticed the strange nature of this earthquake because of its unusual origin. Vladimir Kostoglodov, a seismologist at UNAM in Mexico City, called this earthquake "extremely strange". [21]

Image source: sciencemag.org CREDITS: (GRAPHIC) G. GRULLON/SCIENCE; (DATA) V. KOSTOGLODOV; MEXICO NATIONAL SEISMOLOGICAL SERVICE


Botswana

Now move to Africa, Botswana. In early 2017, there was a very rare and unusual earthquake. This earthquake was a record or, to be more exact, the strongest in the history of Botswana! [7] Later the Geological Service lowered the magnitude and now it's the second-strongest earthquake after 1952 6.7 quake. [25] According to the US Geological Survey 1952 quake - 5.8. In general, the current earthquake is in any case a record.

References: Earthquake data [1]

In addition to the record magnitude, this earthquake became unusual/abnormal:

"4 April, 2017. Rupture along a billion-year-old plate boundary in Botswana? <...> 

Map showing earthquakes of magnitude 6.5 and greater that have occurred in Southern Africa since detailed records began (1900 onwards). Image source: [26]

Earthquakes in Botswana are extremely rare. Given that this event has occurred over 1000 km from the nearest tectonic plate boundary, we call these types of events 'intraplate earthquakes'.<...> The central and western areas of Southern Africa are assumed to be tectonically very stable. The geology of the region is typically referred to as the 'Kaapvaal Craton'. Craton means a strong region of a continental tectonic plate that are typically stable for over a billion years. The Kaapvaal Craton contains rocks that are 3.6 to 2.5 billion years old. Large earthquakes in such stable tectonic environments occur very rarely. <...> 

Image source: [26]

One research paper from the 1980s studied the nature of the geological contact between Kaapvaal and Limpopo further to the east in South Africa. Based on small changes in gravity across the two groups of rocks, the study interpreted that this geological contact demarcates an ancient (pre-Cambrian) plate boundary between two colliding plates. Is it therefore possible that the inherent weakness of this ancient, billion-year-old plate boundary ruptured during the 2017 Botswana earthquake?" [26]

Thus, an earthquake occurred in an area that is considered seismically safe. Very strange earthquake.


South Korea

In 2017, South Korea again suffered from an epic earthquake. This was the second strongest earthquake in South Korea. Only the earthquake in 2016 was more! 

References: Earthquake data [1]

Korea historically considered safe from large earthquakes. But since 2016, this is not so!

Debris from a collapsed wall is scattered in front of a shop after an earthquake in Pohang Min Kyung-suck/Newsis/AP. Image source: independent.co.uk

It's at least strange that two years in a row the country experienced the strongest/record earthquakes

References: Earthquake data [1]

"15 November, 2017.  Another South Korea earthquake more cause for alarm about seismic activity.

A magnitude-5.4 earthquake shook southeastern South Korea today, marking the largest in the nation since last year’s trembler in nearby Gyeongju. The Korea Meteorological Administration stressed that South Korea is no longer free from earthquake threats. Seismic activity has reached a new phase since last year’s Gyeongju earthquake. A total of 139 quakes of magnitude-2 and above have been detected this year alone, which is more than twice the historical average. South Korea had been known to have little seismic activity compared to neighboring Japan."

[27] - abcnews.go

And 2016 article:

"6 July, 2016. Korea no longer safe from earthquakes: experts

Following a magnitude-5.0 earthquake detected near waters off the southeastern city of Ulsan on Tuesday evening, experts voiced concerns that the Korean Peninsula is no longer safe from strong shock waves, calling for prompt disaster preventive measures."

[28] - koreaherald.com


Induced seismicity in US, Canada and Mexico

Image source: USGS

“The practice of underground disposal has been used by the industry for 70 years, yet the uptick in seismic activity has only occurred in the past few years.”- Oklahoma Sen. Jim Inhofe, chairman of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee. [35]

"The majority, but not all, of the recent earthquakes appear to be the result of natural stresses, since they are consistent with the regional Oklahoma natural stress field" OGS POSITION STATEMENT-OKLAHOMA EARTHQUAKE ACTIVITY February 17, 2014 [36]

"Fracking has been a process used extensively for decades, since 1903 within the US alone. If fracking caused earthquakes, has this just been noticed? This is clearly an excuse for the increase in earthquakes, one of many the establishment will latch onto as earthquake frequency increases and earthquakes occur in unusual places"

ZetaTalk Chat Q&A for December 17, 2011

The official reason for the increase in the earthquakes in the Southeast US - wastewater disposal. [30] For those who don't know this increase, not only in the central US but also in Canada and in Mexico. And fracking is again accused [32], [33]

There is a lot of conflicting information. Example: 

Recently, an article appeared that buries another theory - wasterwater injection:

"13 February, 2018. Study finds earthquakes continue for years after gas field wastewater injection stops

Study area for the DFW Airport earthquake sequence. Yellow triangles are the 2008-2009 SMU operated stations. Blue asterisks are the earthquakes reported by the 2013-2016 SMU earthquake catalog, indicating continued seismicity at the DFW Airport -- its boundaries indicated by the dotted blue-green line. Solid black line is the DFW Airport fault. Credit: SMU. Image source: [31]

Efforts to stop human-caused earthquakes by shutting down wastewater injection wells that serve adjacent oil and gas fields may oversimplify the challenge, according to a new study from seismologists at Southern Methodist University, Dallas. <...>

The sequence of quakes began in 2008, and wastewater injection was halted in 2009. But earthquakes continued for at least seven more years." [31]

Although the theory- wastewater disposal - continues to live. OK. How to explain this:

  • 2012 Canada - second-strongest earthquake ever 7.8
  • 2017 Mexico - strongest earthquake ever. Only the earthquake of 1932 has the same magnitude.

References:

[1] Earthquake data.txt

[2] T. (2014, May 05). Strongest ever quake strikes Chiang Rai. Retrieved July 26, 2017, from
http://englishnews.thaipbs.or.th/strongest-ever-quake-strikes-chian...

[3] Namibian, T. (n.d.). Strongest quake in Namibian history shakes Erongo. Retrieved August 20,
2017, from http://www.namibian.com.na/index.php?id=56178&page=archive-read

[4] Gillani, I. (2015, October 27). Pakistan's 'biggest ever' earthquake jolts the country. Retrieved
August 10, 2017, from http://nation.com.pk/national/26-Oct-2015/8-1-magnitude-earthquake-...

[5] NORSAR Norway earthquakes - https://www.jordskjelv.no/jordskjelv/om-jordskjelv/jordskjelv-i-norge/

[6] Siggins, L. (2012, June 06). Mayo earthquake surprises geologists. Retrieved August 13, 2017,
from https://www.irishtimes.com/news/mayo-earthquake-surprises-geologist...

[7] Millar, J. (2017, April 03). Botswana rocked by strongest EVER earthquake - hours after South
Africa struck. Retrieved August 14, 2017, from http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/787427/earthquakebotswana-large...

[8] B.C. earthquake largest in Canada since 1949. (2012, October 28). Retrieved August 07, 2017, from
https://www.thespec.com/news-story/2139608-b-c-earthquake-largest-i...

[9]  I. (2012, December 31). Costa Rica saw most seismic activity in past 62 years during 2012.
Retrieved August 02, 2017, from
http://insidecostarica.com/2012/12/31/costa-rica-saw-most-seismic-a...

[10] Haiti Earthquake "Strange," Strongest in 200 Years. (2017, August 04). Retrieved August 10, 2017,
from http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/01/100113-haiti-earthq...

[11] Sweden earthquake 'was strongest in 100 years'. (2014, September 16). Retrieved August 10,
2017, from https://www.thelocal.se/20140916/sweden-hit-by-strongest-earthquake...

[12] (2011, January 30). Hungary hit by strongest earthquake since 1985. Retrieved August 10, 2017,
from http://www.khaleejtimes.com/article/20110130/ARTICLE/301309951/1028

[13] Noticias, D. D. (2009, December 16). Sismos - Sismo de magnitude 6,0 foi o maior desde 1969. Retrieved July 26, 2017, from
http://www.dn.pt/dossiers/cidades/sismos/noticias/interior/sismo-de...

[14] Shedding new light on recent Sabah earthquake. (n.d.). Retrieved August 20, 2017,
from http://enewsletter.ntu.edu.sg/classact/Jun15/Pages/cn10.aspx?AspxAu...

[15] Lewis, B. (2011, August 23). Strongest quake since '44 jars East Coast. Retrieved August 07, 2017,
from http://newsok.com/article/feed/288699

[16] Zem. (2014, June 04). Retrieved July 23, 2017, from
http://www.lidovky.cz/zemetreseni-na-chebsku-bylo-nejnicivejsi-v-hi...

[17] C. (2016, October 30). Already rattled Italy hit with strongest earthquake in 36 years. Retrieved
August 03, 2017, from
http://www.cbsnews.com/news/italy-6-6-magnitude-earthquake-again-no...

[18] News, N. (2016, April 18). Strongest Earthquake Since 1979 Hits Ecuador, Killing Over 200.
Retrieved August 04, 2017, from
http://www.nbcnews.com/slideshow/strongest-earthquake-1979-hits-ecu...

[19] Crowley, K. (2014, August 11). AngloGold Rejects Blame for Quake Even as Scientists Await Proof. Retrieved March 09, 2018, from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-08-11/anglogold-swings...

[20] http://www.ssn.unam.mx

[21] Lizzie Wade (2017, December 08). Unusual Mexico earthquake may have relieved stress in seismic gap. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/09/unusual-mexico-earthquake-ma...

[22] Philip R. White (2017, September 27). Earthquakes Return to North Texas. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from https://www.texasmonthly.com/energy/earthquakes-return-north-texas/

[23] Osborne, H. (2017, October 05). Yellowstone supervolcano has been hit by 2,500 earthquakes in one of the longest swarms ever recorded. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from http://www.newsweek.com/yellowstone-supervolcano-earthquake-swarm-l...

[24] Servicio Sismologico Nacional | UNAM, Mexico. Sismo del dia 07 de Septiembre de 2017, Chiapas (M 8.2). Retrieved from http://www.ssn.unam.mx/sismicidad/reportes-especiales/2017/SSNMX_re...

[25] Chida, D. (2017, April 05). The earthquake was natural - Geoscience Institute. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from https://thevoicebw.com/earthquake-natural-geoscience-institute/

[26] Hicks, S. (2017, April 4). Rupture along a billion-year-old plate boundary in Botswana? Retrieved March 10, 2018, from http://sphicks.weebly.com/blog-tectonic-debates/april-04th-2017

[27] Lee, H. K. (2017, November 15). Another South Korea earthquake more cause for alarm about seismic activity. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from http://abcnews.go.com/International/south-korea-earthquake-alarm-se...

[28] H. (2016, July 06). Korea no longer safe from earthquakes: experts. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20160706000745

[29] http://rogerpielkejr.blogspot.ru/2015/04/earthquakes-death-rates-an...

[30] https://earthquake.usgs.gov/research/induced/myths.php

[31] Allen, M. (2018, February 13). Study finds earthquakes continue for years after gas field wastewater injection stops. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from https://phys.org/news/2018-02-earthquakes-years-gas-field-wastewate...

[32] Trumpener, B. (2016, March 29). Fracking triggers 90% of large quakes in B.C., Alberta oil and gas patch. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/more-than-90-of-larg...

[33] Aumentan sismos en zonas donde se practica Fracking en México. (2016, November 23). Retrieved March 10, 2018, from https://www.arenapublica.com/articulo/2016/11/23/5272

[34] Strongest-ever earthquake hits Korea, tremors felt nationwide. (2016, September 12). Retrieved
August 08, 2017, from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2016/09/116_214014.html

[35] Neuhauser. (2015, May 6). After Earthquakes, Silence in the Sooner State. Retrieved March 10, 2018, from https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/05/06/after-oklahoma-eart...

[36] http://www.ogs.ou.edu/pdf/OGS_POSITION_STATEMENT_2_18_14.pdf

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Comment by Matt B on March 10, 2018 at 10:54pm

Thank you so much for the STAGGERING amount of work you have put into researching and presenting this information.

Well done!

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