Disease outbreaks will increase as per ZetaTalk

 

Taking Sick

On Jan 15, 1998 ZetaTalk stated that Illness will increase as Planet X approaches.  Zetas right again !!!

ZetaTalk: Take Sick, written Feb 15, 1998.
Increasingly, as the pole shift nears, the populace will take sick. This will take the form of known illnesses occurring more frequently, seemingly depressed immune systems, but will also appear as new and puzzling illnesses not seen before in the memory of man. What is going on here?

The changes at the core of the Earth that have resulted in El Nino weather patterns and white buffalo and deformed frogs also affect man. The germs are on the move. Their carriers are on the move. And thus humans are exposed to diseases that are so rare as to be undocumented in medical journals.

You will see increasing illness, odd illnesses, microbes that travel because an insect is scattering about and spreading germs in places where it normally doesn't travel. 90% of all the illness and distress you're going to see is a natural situation, a natural occurrence. Because of the changing, swirling in the core of the Earth, and this will continue to up-tick until the pole shift.

And reiterated in 1999

ZetaTalk: Next 3 1/2 Years, written Sep 15, 1999.
Sickness will slightly increase from where it is today. There is a lot of illness now because people who are already unstable are unable to take the turmoil caused by the increased emanations from the Earth. Some of them have simply sensed what is coming and have decided to die. This is true of animals as well as humans. Sickness will increase, but not to the point where it is going to get exponentially worse.

On Feb 2, 2000 a Washington report confirmed this increase, and published concerns were subsequently reported.

Diseases From Around World Threatening U.S.
Reuters, Feb 2, 2000
30 New Diseases Make Global Debut
At least 30 previously unknown diseases have appeared globally since 1973, including HIV, AIDS, Hepatitis C, Ebola haemorrhagic fever and the encephalitis-related Nipah virus that emerged in Indonesia. Twenty well-known infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria, and cholera have re-emerged or spread since 1973.
  
Is Global Warming Harmful to Health?
Scientific American, August 2000
Notably, computer models predict that global warming, and other climate alterations it induces, will expand the incidence and distribution of many serious medical disorders. Disturbingly, these forecasts seem to be coming true.

And since this time, SARS and increased incidence of flesh eating disease,
and entire cruise ships regularly returning to port with the passengers ill with stomach flu have been reported.
Depressed immune systems?
Zetas RIGHT Again!

After the pole shift, there will be many opportunistic diseases that will afflict mankind. This does not require an imagination, as today they afflict mankind after disasters. The primary affliction will be from sewage laden water, which will pollute the drinking water man is forced to use. We have been adamant about mankind distilling their drinking water after the pole shift for this reason. Distillation removes heavy metals as well as killing microbes by the boiling process. Any disease that flourishes in malnourished bodies and in areas of poor hygiene will take advantage of the pole shift disasters. Scurvy due to lack of Vitamin C will occur, with bleeding gums and even death if not corrected. Many weeds are high in Vitamin C and survivors should arm themselves with knowledge about the vitamin content of weeds. Unprotected sex by survivors either taking advantage of the weak, as in rape, or by simple distraction and grief and a lack of contraceptive devices will spread AIDS and hepatitis. Morgellons, which is caused by a synergy of parasites and microbes when the immune system is low will likely increase. There will be outbreaks of diseases which were endemic in the past, such as small pox or measles, but in those survivor communities where the members have been immunized in the past these will be limited and quarantines can help in this regard.

http://www.zetatalk5.com/ning/20no2010.htm

 

Chile battles youth unrest and typhoid fever outbreak

September 15, 2011SANTIAGOChile’s problems dealing with youth unrest over slow education reforms are being compounded by concerns the capital may be in the grip of a typhoid fever outbreak. The government has battled to enforce restraint on law enforcement agencies amid angry student-led protests, which have disrupted urban centers across the country for more than a month. The reforms demanded by youth groups are nowhere near being implemented and protests continue to simmer with support from teachers and workers unions. Now authorities are faced with the more immediate risk of typhoid. Health authorities issued repeated alerts for tougher hygiene checks and controls after they found several people infected and seriously ill with typhoid in the western metropolitan area of Santiago. At least seven cases were confirmed by the Public Health Institute but there were no immediate reports of fatalities. “Typhoid fever is an acute infectious disease triggered by a salmonella bacteria strain,” Institute Director Maria Teresa Valenzuela said. In most cases the infection is caused by consumption of contaminated food and drink or fruit and vegetables grown in areas where contaminated water is used in irrigation. Typhoid fever produces symptoms of high fever, diarrhea or intense headaches. The Santiago region has been prone to typhoid outbreaks since the 1990s when incidence of the disease caused up to 190 cases a year.

http://theextinctionprotocol.wordpress.com/2011/09/15/chile-battles...

Epidemic Hazard in India on Saturday, 17 September, 2011 at 03:16 (03:16 AM) UTC.

Description
The Department of Health and Family Welfare has informed that it had received a message through telephone on 12th September 2011 of an outbreak of fever of unknown cause leading to three deaths at Poilwa village, Peren District. Immediately the State Rapid Response Team (RRT) of Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP), Nagaland, comprising of Dr. John Kemp (State Surveillance Officer), Dr. Sao Tunyi (Epidemiologist), Dr. Kevisevolie Sekhose (Epidemiologist), and Venezo Vasa (Entomologist) conducted an outbreak investigation at Poilwa village. The team collected three samples from suspected cases out of which all the three were tested positive for Scrub Typhus. Till date, there are 9 cases with 3 deaths. This was stated in a official press note issued by Dr. Imtimeren Jamir, the Principal Director, Directorate of Health & Family Welfare, Kohima. Scrub Typhus is Rickettsial disease caused Orientia tsutsugamushi and transmitted by the bite of mite called Leptotrombidium deliense. In Nagaland, it was formerly detected by IDSP with Central Surveillance Team at Longsa village Mokokchung in 2006, and in Porba village of Phek District in 2007. The State RRT team carried out the outbreak investigation along with doing and entomological survey. The patients were treated with appropriate medicines and awareness and preventive measures were communicated with the villagers. The concerned local health authorities and programs are informed for further necessary action. The mop-up operation is being carried out by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Program.
Biohazard name: Typhus (Scrub)
Biohazard level: 3/4 Hight
Biohazard desc.: Bacteria and viruses that can cause severe to fatal disease in humans, but for which vaccines or other treatments exist, such as anthrax, West Nile virus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, SARS virus, variola virus (smallpox), tuberculosis, typhus, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, yellow fever, and malaria. Among parasites Plasmodium falciparum, which causes Malaria, and Trypanosoma cruzi, which causes trypanosomiasis, also come under this level.
Symptoms: - After bite by infected mite larvae called chiggers, papule develops at the biting site which ulcerates and eventually heals with the development of a black eschar. - Patients develop sudden fever with headache, weakness, myalgia, generalized enlargement of lymph nodes, photophobia, and dry cough. - A week later, rash appears on the trunk, then on the extremities, and turns pale within a few days. - Symptoms generally disappear after two weeks even without treatment. - However, in severe cases with Pneumonia and Myocarditis, mortality may reach 30% Diagnosis - The most commonly used test for diagnosis is Wel-Felix Test, which is available at State IDSP laboratory, Kohima. - More specific serological tests like detection of IgM can also be done for diagnosis.
Status:

confirmed

 

Turns out, the plague isn't just ancient history. New Mexico health officials recently confirmed the first human case of bubonic plague — previously known as the "Black Death" — to surface in the U.S. in 2011. 

An unidentified 58-year-old man was hospitalized for a week after suffering from a high fever, pain in his abdomen and groin, and swollen lymph nodes, reports the New York Daily News. (Officials declined to say when the man was released from the hospital.) A blood sample from the man tested positive for the disease.

http://healthland.time.com/2011/05/10/first-case-of-bubonic-plague-...

Epidemic Hazard in USA on Saturday, 17 September, 2011 at 03:33 (03:33 AM) UTC.

Description
Umatilla County health officials today confirmed a case of plague in an adult male county resident. He may have been infected while hunting in Lake County, noted Sharon Waldern, clinic supervisor for the county’s public health department. “Lake County had two cases of human plague last year.” The man has been hospitalized and is receiving treatment, Waldern noted. “People need to realize he was never considered contagious and he started treatment fairly quickly.” Plague is spread to humans through a bite from an infected flea. The disease is serious but treatable with antibiotics if caught early, officials said. Plague can be passed from fleas feeding on infected rodents and then transmitted to humans. Direct contact with infected tissues or fluids from handling sick or dead animals can pass the disease, as well as through respiratory droplets from cats and humans with pneumonic plague, officials said in a press release. Some types are spread from person to person, but that is not the case here, Waldern said. Symptoms typically develop within one to four days and up to seven days after exposure and include fever, chills, headache, weakness and a bloody or watery cough due to pneumonia, enlarged, tender lymph nodes, abdominal pain and bleeding into the skin or other organs.

Plague is rare in Oregon. Only three human cases have been diagnosed since 1995 and they all recovered. Last year two human cases of plague were diagnosed in Lake County. As far as she knows, this is the first ever incident in Umatilla County. “In this recent case it is important to stay away from flea-infested areas and to recognize the symptoms. People can protect themselves, their family members and their pets,” said Genni Lehnert-Beers, administrator for Umatilla County Health Department. “Using flea treatment on your pets is very important, because your pets can bring fleas into your home.” People should contact their health care provider or veterinarian if plague is suspected. Early treatment for people and pets with appropriate antibiotics is essential to curing plague infections. Untreated plague can be fatal for animals and people. Antibiotics to prevent or treat plague should be used only under the direction of a health care provider. Additional steps to prevent flea bites include wearing insect repellent, tucking pant cuffs into socks when in areas heavily occupied by rodents, and avoiding contact with wildlife including rodents.
Biohazard name: Plague (Bubonic)
Biohazard level: 4/4 Hazardous
Biohazard desc.: Viruses and bacteria that cause severe to fatal disease in humans, and for which vaccines or other treatments are not available, such as Bolivian and Argentine hemorrhagic fevers, H5N1(bird flu), Dengue hemorrhagic fever, Marburg virus, Ebola virus, hantaviruses, Lassa fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and other hemorrhagic or unidentified diseases. When dealing with biological hazards at this level the use of a Hazmat suit and a self-contained oxygen supply is mandatory. The entrance and exit of a Level Four biolab will contain multiple showers, a vacuum room, an ultraviolet light room, autonomous detection system, and other safety precautions designed to destroy all traces of the biohazard. Multiple airlocks are employed and are electronically secured to prevent both doors opening at the same time. All air and water service going to and coming from a Biosafety Level 4 (P4) lab will undergo similar decontamination procedures to eliminate the possibility of an accidental release.
Symptoms:
Statu

The Black Death: Bubonic Plague


 

confirmed

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/site/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=EH...

 

 

 

 

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Comment by Juan F Martinez on February 13, 2020 at 11:18pm

BREAKING NEWS – WARTIME STATUS (MARTIAL LAW) DECLARED FOR THE CITY OF BEIJING    February 13, 2020

Party Committee of Beijing Centers for Disease Control

In order to further discipline, compact responsibility, and ensure that all prevention and control work is carried out in an efficient and standardized manner, the Party Committee of the Beijing Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a wartime state order, requiring its party members and employees to fully recognize the “critical period”, “critical moment”, and “keys” The urgency and importance of the moment, consciously established a “very conscious” and entered a “wartime state.”

The first is to insist on using “state of war” to lead the thinking.

The center not only fulfills the city’s epidemic prevention and control duties, provides professional technical support duties for government decision-making, but also implements the “unit responsibility” of the “quartet responsibility” to protect the safety and health of all employees, both of which are equally important and cannot be sidelined. Under the unified leadership of the Party Committee, it unconditionally obeys the decision-making and deployment of the Party Committee in the wartime state and serves the current prevention and control work. It resonates at the same frequency, obeys unified orders, unified commands, and acts.

The second is to insist on strengthening implementation with “wartime standards.”

All party members and cadres must take overall consideration into account and resolutely put an end to work mistakes caused by this mistake. All employees must unconditionally obey work scheduling and consciously obey management. Strengthen the work style and achieve “the end of the day and the end of the day”; adhere to the problem-oriented, responsibility-oriented, sensitive matters in the prevention and control, unexplained events and the work of leaders at all levels, to understand the situation and guide commence to work.

https://thewatchtowers.org/breaking-news-wartime-status-martial-law...

Beijing CDC Party Committee Issues Wartime Status Order

https://www.reddit.com/r/China_Flu/comments/f3gdsz/beijing_cdc_part...

China Ousts Senior Officials as Beijing Seeks Distance From Outbreak
Firings of the Communist Party secretaries of Hubei province and Wuhan signal Beijing’s disapproval of their handling of Covid-19 epidemic

https://www.wsj.com/articles/china-ousts-top-official-in-coronaviru...

Comment by Juan F Martinez on February 13, 2020 at 9:58pm
US Military Initiates "Global Campaign Plan For Pandemic" Thu, 02/13/2020
It appears that the U.S. military is taking this coronavirus outbreak extremely seriously.
An executive order has been issued which has initiated the implementation of “the Department of Defense Global Campaign plan for Pandemic Influenza and Infectious Diseases 3551-13”. 
We don’t know all of the details of the plan, but we do know that it instructs U.S. military officials “to prepare for widespread outbreaks”.  Many in the mainstream media continue to try to convince us that this virus is not much more dangerous than the common flu, but if that is true then why is our military taking such a dramatic step?  The following comes from a Military Times article…
An executive order issued by the Joint Staff and approved by Defense Secretary Mark Esper this month directed Northern Command and geographic combatant commanders to initiate pandemic plans, which include ordering commanders to prepare for widespread outbreaks and confining service members with a history of travel to China.The Navy and Marine Corps messages, issued Tuesday and Wednesday, respectively, reference an executive order directing U.S. Northern Command to implement the Department of Defense Global Campaign plan for Pandemic Influenza and Infectious Diseases 3551-13.
For now, we are not being told the specific details of this plan, and when Northern Command was asked about it they issued a very vague statement…
“We coordinate with other combatant commands to assess potential impacts in the event of a pandemic and we ensure the U.S. military is poised to respond as required,” said Northern Command in a statement emailed to Military Times. “The military profession fosters a culture of planning, and the fact that we are coordinating planning efforts across the geographical combatant commands is consistent with how we prepare to respond, if directed.”
Thankfully, the virus is not spreading widely inside the United States so far.
But that could change at any time, and on Wednesday a 14th U.S. case was confirmed…
A second person evacuated from Wuhan, China, to a U.S. Marine base near San Diego has been diagnosed with the new coronavirus, raising the tally of confirmed cases in the United States to 14, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported on Wednesday.The patient was among 232 individuals who had been placed under quarantine at the Marine Corps Air Station Miramar after being airlifted from the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan earlier this month, CDC spokeswoman Ana Toro said.
But 14 confirmed cases is just a tiny drop in the bucket compared to more than 59,000 confirmed cases in China.
We should be thankful for the low number of cases in this country, but Dr. Nancy Messonnier is warning that “we are likely to see community spread in the U.S.” at some point…
Top health officials prepped Americans for the prospect of novel coronavirus spreading in communities in the United States during a Wednesday news conference.“At some point, we we are likely to see community spread in the U.S.,” said Dr. Nancy Messonnier, director of the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases.
And if we do start seeing tens of thousands of confirmed cases here, the level of fear is going to rise dramatically and a lot of people are going to go completely nuts.
In fact, we are already starting to see some really strange things.
For example, a couple of “pranksters” in New York thought it would be really funny to spill a bucket of “coronavirus” in the middle of a crowded subway car…
David Flores and Morris Cordewell donned hazmats suits for the stunt while holding a container filled with liquid that had biological hazard markings on it.In the video Cordewell gets up and spills the liquid over the floor as train passengers quickly jump out of harm’s way. However, it turns out their bucket contained Kool-Aid juice.
Who would do something like that?
Yes, they probably thought that it was quite funny, but the truth is that this sort of a stunt could have taken a very tragic turn.
Over in China, we are witnessing things that are even more frightening.
For example, one woman that has apparently caught the virus decided to walk down the street in the middle of the day and touch every car door handle she came across.
In other words, it appears that she was purposely trying to spread the virus to others.
When things get really nuts, most people will behave at least somewhat rationally, but there will always be others that will completely snap.
And without a doubt, there are always crazy people that are trying to bring unusual things into this country.  For instance, just check out this recent example from Zero Hedge…
That’s exactly what happened two weeks ago: U.S. Customs and Border Patrol, in the midst of the coronavirus outbreak, seized a bag of dead birds that was being carried in the luggage of an airline passenger traveling from China to Washington D.C. on January 27.The birds were packaged in a bag that had cartoon images on it and was seized at Dulles Airport from a passenger, who was arriving from Beijing, according to the NY Post. The passenger claimed that the birds were “cat food” and that he was planning to bring them to Maryland after his flight.
Our world is getting crazier with each passing day, and it is inevitable that we will see a lot more weird stuff happen in the months ahead.
We are in a battle with a virus that is perfect for spreading fear.  It is invisible to the naked eye, it can survive on surfaces for up to 9 days, it has an incubation period of up to 24 days, and it spreads from person to person frighteningly easily.
To a certain extent, there is comfort in being able to see your enemy.
But we cannot detect this virus with our five senses.  It could be on the next grocery cart you push, the next door handle you twist or the next hand that you shake.
That sort of uncertainty is going to drive a lot of people crazy if this virus starts spreading widely inside the United States, and so let us hope that such a scenario does not become a reality.
Comment by Juan F Martinez on February 11, 2020 at 3:03am

VIDEO: Chinese Authorities ‘Disinfect’ Wuhan With Fleets of Trucks Spraying Chemicals in the Air

Fleets of fire trucks can be seen rolling down the streets of Wuhan spraying chemicals in the air
Comment by Juan F Martinez on February 11, 2020 at 2:03am
Germany reports outbreak of H5N8 bird flu in backyard poultry: OIE
PARIS (Reuters) - Germany has reported an outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N8 bird flu virus in a backyard in the southwestern part of the country, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Monday. The virus killed 44 birds out of a flock of 69 in Bretzfeld, in the Baden-Wurttemberg region, the Paris-based OIE said, citing a report from Germany’s food and agriculture ministry.
“All poultry and captive birds have been culled and safely disposed of on Feb. 7, 2020. No poultry, poultry products or captive birds have been dispatched,” it said in the report. A case of H5N8 bird flu had been confirmed in a wild bird in the eastern German state of Brandenburg in January but no birds on farms were involved, the ministry had then said.
Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on February 6, 2020 at 3:41am

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-02-dead-congo-fever-outbreak-ma...

February 5, 2020
7 dead in Congo fever outbreak in Mali

Seven people have died in an outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, also known as Congo fever, in a village in central Mali, an official said.

Yacouba Maiga, the spokesperson for the regional government of the central Mopti region, said that a shepherd "contracted the illness from an ox" in the village of Samoa in late January.
He was treated but the disease surfaced again on February 1 infecting 14 people and killing five, the official said.
Two other patients died while being transported to the town of Sevare, in central Mali, for treatment.
"It's different to coronavirus," said Maiga, referring to the deadly SARS-like virus currently sweeping China.
Congo fever is a tick-borne viral disease which causes severe haemorrhaging, according to the World Health Organization.
People are often infected after they come into contact with the blood of infected animals, often after slaughtering livestock.
Humans in very close contact with each other, however, can also transmit the disease.
"It's a rare pathology in Mali. There have been cases around 10 years ago," Health Minister Michel Sidibe told AFP.
Health officials were preparing for an "investigative mission in the area with the support of security forces," according to a health ministry report from Monday, which was seen by AFP on Wednesday.
However, an official in Mopti said the fact-finding team had not yet left on Wednesday. 

Comment by Recall 15 on February 5, 2020 at 1:17am

Update: 

Quoted "

Princess Cruises  10 passengers test positive for new coronavirus

PUBLISHED TUE, FEB 4 20206:54 PM EST “These 10 persons, who have been notified, will be taken ashore by Japanese Coast Guard watercraft and transported to local hospitals for care by shoreside Japanese medical professionals,” the company said.

 " 

From:

https://www.cnbc.com/2020/02/04/princess-cruises-quarantines-3700-a...

Current Location of Ship:

https://www.seascanner.com/ships-position-diamond-princess

Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on February 5, 2020 at 12:13am

https://www.aol.com/article/news/2020/02/04/more-than-3500-people-q...

More than 3,500 people quarantined on cruise ship in Japan after guest tests positive for coronavirus

Feb 4th 2020 11:33AM

Thousands of people are stuck on a cruise ship docked in Japan under quarantine while medical officials test guests for coronavirus.
An 80-year-old guest from Hong Kong was diagnosed with coronavirus after disembarking the ship on Jan. 25, five days after it departed from Yokohama, Japan, according to a statement from the cruise line obtained by CNN.
The man, who has not been identified, was hospitalized on Jan. 30 and is currently in stable condition.
After his diagnosis, the cruise, the Diamond Princess, has been quarantined in Yokohama, including all 2,666 guests and 1,045 crew members.

Thousands of people are stuck on a cruise ship docked in Japan under quarantine while medical officials test guests for coronavirus.
An 80-year-old guest from Hong Kong was diagnosed with coronavirus after disembarking the ship on Jan. 25, five days after it departed from Yokohama, Japan, according to a statement from the cruise line obtained by CNN.
The man, who has not been identified, was hospitalized on Jan. 30 and is currently in stable condition.
After his diagnosis, the cruise, the Diamond Princess, has been quarantined in Yokohama, including all 2,666 guests and 1,045 crew members.

Comment by Juan F Martinez on February 3, 2020 at 7:44pm

Putin Sends Russian Air Force to Evacuate Hundreds of Citizens from China 02/02/2020

As the list of countries both shutting their borders to China and canceling major carrier flights in and out of the country grows, Russia is set to take drastic action by airlifting its nationals out of the country via Air Force planes. "The evacuation of Russian nationals from China on the Aerospace Force’s aircraft is scheduled for February 3-4, Kremlin Spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Saturday," reports TASS news agency, which further indicated the evacuation order came directly from President Putin.

https://youtu.be/tFkgh4OzpbU

https://www.zerohedge.com/health/putin-sends-air-force-evacuate-hun...

Comment by Starr DiGiacomo on January 31, 2020 at 4:15am

https://www.aol.com/article/news/2020/01/30/over-6000-people-quaran...

Over 6,000 people quarantined on cruise ship amid coronavirus scare

Some 6,000 passengers and employees have been quarantined on a Carnival-owned cruise ship at a port in Italy after one passenger allegedly exhibited symptoms of the Wuhan coronavirus.
A 54-year-old Chinese woman was placed in isolation aboard the Costa Smeralda, operated by Carnival Corporation's subsidiary Costa Cruises, in the port city of Civitavecchia, located about 50 northwest of Rome, on Thursday, USA Today reports.
The vessel set sail from Savona, Italy, on Jan. 25 and made stops in two Spanish ports — Palma de Mallorca and Barcelona — and in Marseille, France, before it was halted by officials in Civitavecchia on Jan. 30 after the female passenger reportedly began experiencing a fever and difficulty breathing, two common symptoms of the virus.

An Italian Coast Guard official confirmed to Bloomberg that all passengers and crew members are now being held on the Costa Smeralda — which has a total capacity of 6,600 — while a medical team from Rome examines the patient and her travel companion.
The incident comes amid mounting global fears over the rapidly spreading coronavirus, which originated in Wuhan, China, and has since spread in a limited capacity to over a dozen other countries, including the United States, Japan, Australia, France, Germany and Canada.


Although, if confirmed, the Costa Smeralda passenger would be the first case of coronavirus reported on a cruise ship, cruise operators are already taking precautionary measures to prevent outbreaks onboard their vessels.
Royal Caribbean International has canceled select cruises from Shanghai while Carnival Corporation has canceled four of its scheduled trips in the region, James Hardiman, the managing director of equity research for.

Wedbush Securities, told Yahoo Finance on Tuesday.
Hardiman estimated that each canceled voyage can cost a cruise company $3 to $4 million of revenue.
Major airlines, including American Airlines, United Airlines and British Airways, have also announced multiple flight cancellations both to and from China.
Although the virus continues to spread, with over 7,700 reported cases and 170 reported deaths, most of which have been recorded in mainland China, health officials assure that the risk of an outbreak in the United States remains low.

Comment by Juan F Martinez on January 30, 2020 at 11:29pm

Dozens of previously unknown viruses discovered in 15,000-year-old glaciers 1-30-2020

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/technology/dozens-of-previously-unkn...

Over 30 viruses have been detected in a remote ice cap that is located in Central Asia and dozens of these viruses are unknown to modern science. The remarkable findings come from a study conducted by several international researchers who travelled the Guliya ice cap to explore ancient viruses. The study was published recently in the pre-print server bioRxiv.

Glacial ice can store microscopic particles for thousands of years and scientists are continuously making discoveries by analyzing the frozen contents to expand our understanding of Earth’s history. In 2015 the researchers drilled 50 metres into ice that is over 15,000 years old and sampled two ice cores to better understand what microbes were in the atmosphere at the time they became trapped in the glacier, which reflects the climatic and environmental conditions during that period.

The two ice cores were drilled at different elevations — one at 6,200 metres and the other at 6,650 metres — and the researchers found that the environmental conditions at these two sites were very different in terms of air temperature, the oxygen concentration in the atmosphere and UV radiation. The ice cores contained 33 different viruses and the study says that only four could be assigned a formal classification, meaning that the others were completely new to science.

Analysis of the microbes indicates that three viral populations were abundant, which suggests that these viruses may be active in the ice. Many of the bacteria that were found in the samples are psychrophilic, which means that they grow and reproduce in low temperatures that range from −20°C to 10°C and are found in several regions on Earth that are permanently cold, such as the deep sea, glaciers and ice sheets. These active bacteria indicate that glacier ice could just be a temporary storage unit and that the bacteria could one day be revived and present in ecosystems if glaciers melt in the future.

Other tests in the study found that 18 of the 33 viruses were linked to a host at some point time, meaning that they were infectious either before and/or after the ice formed and likely influenced the populations of other microbes.

Very little is known about how microbes trapped in ice for thousands of years survive and reproduce. There are only two other reports of viruses found in glaciers — one came from an ice core sample of a 140,000-year-old Greenland ice core and another came from an ice core that was sampled at a depth ranging between 2,749 metres and 3,556 metres at the Vostok Station in East Antarctica.

The study warns that because glaciers around the world are rapidly shrinking, this could release microbes and viruses that have been trapped for tens to hundreds of thousands of years.

"At a minimum, [ice melt] could lead to the loss of microbial and viral archives that could be diagnostic and informative of past Earth climate regimes," the researchers wrote. The thought of ancient viruses being released from melting glaciers is terrifying, but the researchers say that this is a worst-case scenario.

The study’s conclusion emphasizes that it is crucial to understand how microbes could impact the ice that they are trapped in, their historic influence on other viruses and bacteria, and how they behave outside of frozen environments in case they are released by glacial melt.

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