Fire rips through the Santo Antônio Dam on Brazil's Madeira River after an explosion on October 16th.
Early this morning, explosions ripped through the Santo Antônio Dam on Brazil's Madeira River, one of two hydroelectric dams that have recently begun operation in this Amazon frontier region.
A representative of the Instituto Madeira Vivo reported that a breaker box exploded, precipitating a fire on the dam that injured one man and woman. In a separate report, the daily Rondônia Agora had earlier claimed thatone turbine had exploded, killing one and injuring several others. Santo Antônio Energia workers have cordoned off the site, disallowing journalists from obtaining detailed information.
While an investigation ensues, the explosion reminds us that dams on the Madeira River, including the existing Santo Antônio and Jirau dams plus at least an additional two dams p..., will suffer safety and operational risks due to the nutrient balance of the Amazon's most heavily-sedimented river basin.
The Madeira, Bení, and Madre de Dios rivers in Brazil, Bolivia, and Peru carry nutrient-richsediments down from the Andes mountains and transport them to the Amazon mainstem. The mainstem accumulates sediments from across the basin and moves them to the Amazon Delta near the Island of Marajó on coastal Brazil, where they are distributed into the Atlantic Ocean. Researchers have illustrated how sediments play a vital role in replenishing ocean lifeforms, and have studied how they may aid in regulating the ability of the ocean to absorb carbon.
Satellites have captured photos of the "Amazon Plume," a wide fan of sediment pouring out of the basin system into the Atlantic Ocean.
Dams on the Madeira River not only disrupt these larger ecosystem functions, they also present operational and safety risks at each dam site. Dams built on such brown, murky rivers accumulate sediment very quickly in their reservoirs, creating troublesome water quality impacts. Nutrient loading can produce Hydrogen Sulfide, which can corrode turbines and make them inoperable, leading to electrical failures. This has happened recently with the infamous Bakun Dam in Sarawak, Malaysia, as its reservoir has received high amounts of run-off from surrounding palm oil plantations. As recently as May, two of Bakun's four turbines had been rendered inoperable.
The Santo Antônio and Jirau Dams were designed as "run-of-the-river" dams to attempt to avoid such problems, but the enormous scale of their reservoirs (despite the rhetoric, run-of-the-river dams still produce reservoirs) and sheer volume of sediment traveling in the Madeira will continue to present enormous challenges to operational efficacy.
It is as of yet unconfirmed whether accumulated sediments indeed played the defining role in this explosion and apparent turbine failure at Santo Antônio. Nonetheless, the disaster serves as a warning to Ministries of Energy who are hunting for dam sites: where there is sediment, there are risks, and risks create costs.
The Zetas explain that power plants are at risk of failure and explosion as a result of the near presence of Plant X
"The failure of the hydroelectric plant at the Itaipu dam situated on the border of Brazil and Paraguay was of course caused by an electromagnetic storm caused by the near presence of Planet X and the wafting of its charged tail. The Brazilian Energy Minister was honest about the cause, stating it was a failure at the dam caused by an unknown "atmospheric phenomena". Many blackouts are caused by the equipment shutting down to protect it from surge or brownout damage. Often when there is high demand for electricity, brownouts can occur due to lack of power available to serve the demand. This can cause a domino effect, as one substation after another shuts down due to overload, forcing the demand onto a neighboring substation. This was not the case in the Brazil/Paraguay blackout, which stemmed from the dam itself. The blackout was sudden, affecting the whole area serviced by the power station, showing that the outage stemmed from the dam itself.
Several high profile electrical outages have occurred in recent months - the Air France 447 failure of all electrical systems on that plane on June 1, and the explosions at the Sajano-Shushenskoj hydroelectric power station on August 17 caused by an electromagnetic tsunami. Electromagnetic blasts coming from Planet X have been on record since January 21 with the Earth's magnetosphere losing its S Pole or being twisted, often in synch with major earthquakes. What happened at the Itaipu dam was not due to a particularly strong flood of electromagnetic particles, as the monitoring of the Earth's magnetosphere shows. The magnetosphere seemed to be relatively calm. Where there was no overall electromagnetic blast affecting Earth, the confused magnetic turmoil between the Earth and Planet X can cause erratic magnetic flows in almost any direction. At times, Planet X and the Earth line up end-to-end briefly, causing the Earth to lose its S Pole or for the Earth's magnetosphere to twist. At other times, there is merely a drift of magnetic particles from the field of Planet X toward the Earth's field, causing an overload of particles.
Such a drift is erratic, and is attracted to the surface of Earth based on the electromagnetic particles on the surface of the Earth. This is what caused the hapless Air France 447 to shut down. It was the surface magnet, the Atlantic Rift itself, that attracted a surge of electromagnetic particles just as the plane was crossing the rift. What is it about the location of the Itaipu dam that makes it susceptible to attracting such an electromagnetic surge? We have mentioned that the S American continent has a seaway opening up along the Parana River, ripping apart at Buenos Aires. River bottoms and seaway bottoms in particular, are along weak points in a plate, being pulled apart and causing the land to sink. Thus, such points have less of a shield between the electromagnetic core of the Earth and any turmoil surrounding the Earth's magnetosphere. A surge bridged the gap between magnetons in the field of Planet X and the core of the Earth there, at that weak point in the crust, and the wealth of electromagnetic particles being generated at the dam was another attractant."