Weather:

Weather Wobble

Jet Stream tornados

Siberian Freeze Weather Wobble

Wild weather , [2]

Wobble Clouds

Hurricane development

Violent Push

Weather & ocean currents

Europe Weather

Tides and Whirlpools:

Storm Clash whirlpools

Lurch of earth

Tides , [2]

Whirlpools

Wobble Sloshing

 


"We warned at the start of ZetaTalk, in 1995, that unpredictable weather extremes, switching about from drought to deluge, would occur and increase on a lineal basis up until the pole shift. Where this occurred steadily, it has only recently become undeniable. ZetaTalk, and only ZetaTalk, warned of these weather changes, at that early date. Our early warnings spoke to the issue of global heating from the core outward, hardly Global Warming, a surface or atmospheric issue, but caused by consternation in the core. Affected by the approach of Planet X, which was by then starting to zoom rapidly toward the inner solar system for its periodic passage, the core was churning, melting the permafrost and glaciers and riling up volcanoes. When the passage did not occur as expected in 2003 because Planet X had stalled in the inner solar system, we explained the increasing weather irregularities in the context of the global wobble that had ensued - weather wobbles where the Earth is suddenly forced under air masses, churning them. This evolved by 2005 into a looping jet stream, loops breaking away and turning like a tornado to affect the air masses underneath. Meanwhile, on Planet Earth, droughts had become more intractable and deluges positively frightening, temperature swings bringing snow in summer in the tropics and searing heat in Artic regions, with the violence of storms increasing in number and ferocity."

ZETATALK

 

From the ZetaTalk Chat Q&A for February 4, 2012:

 

The wobble seems to have changed, as the temperature in Europe suddenly plunged after being like an early Spring, Alaska has its coldest temps ever while the US and much of Canada is having an extremely mild winter. India went from fatal cold spell to balmy again. Has the Earth changed position vs a vs Planet X to cause this? [and from another] Bitter cold records broken in Alaska - all time coldest record nearly broken, but Murphy's Law intervenes [Jan 30] http://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/01/30/bitter-cold-records-broken-in-alaska Jim River, AK closed in on the all time record coldest temperature of -80°F set in 1971, which is not only the Alaska all-time record, but the record for the entire United States. Unfortunately, it seems the battery died in the weather station just at the critical moment. While the continental USA has a mild winter and has set a number of high temperature records in the last week and pundits ponder whether they will be blaming the dreaded "global warming" for those temperatures, Alaska and Canada have been suffering through some of the coldest temperatures on record during the last week.

There has been no change in the wobble pattern, the wobble has merely become more severe. Nancy noted a Figure 8 format when the Earth wobble first became noticeable, in early 2005, after Planet X moved into the inner solar system at the end of 2003. The Figure 8 shifted along to the east a bit on the globe between 2005 and 2009, (the last time Nancy took its measure) as Planet X came closer to the Earth, encountering the magnetic N Pole with a violent push earlier in the day. But the pattern of the Figure 8 remained essentially the same. So what changed recently that the weather patterns became noticeably different in late January, 2012?

The N Pole is pushed away when it comes over the horizon, when the noon Sun is centered over the Pacific. This regularly puts Alaska under colder air, with less sunlight, and thus the historically low temps there this January, 2012 as the wobble has gotten stronger. But by the time the Sun is positioned over India, the N Pole has swung during the Figure 8 so the globe tilts, and this tilt is visible in the weather maps from Asia. The tilt has forced the globe under the hot air closer to the Equator, warming the land along a discernable tilt demarcation line.

The next loop of the Figure 8 swings the globe so that the N Pole moves in the other direction, putting the globe again at a tilt but this time in the other direction. This tilt is discernable in weather maps of Europe, again along a diagonal line. Depending upon air pressure and temperature differences, the weather on either side of this diagonal line may be suddenly warm or suddenly cold. The tilt and diagonal line lingers to affect much of the US and Canada, but the Figure 8 changes at this point to be an up and down motion, pulling the geographic N Pole south so the US is experiencing a warmer than expected winter under a stronger Sun. Then the cycle repeats, with the magnetic N Pole of Earth pushed violently away again as the Sun is positioned over the Pacific.

 

From the ZetaTalk Chat Q&A for April 6, 2013:

 

Would the Zetas be able to let us know what is causing the early break-up of the Arctic Ice, the ice seems to have taken on a swirling pattern at the same time, would this be wobble related? [and from another] http://www.vancouversun.com/news/national/Canada+Arctic+cracks+spec... The ice in Canada’s western Arctic ripped open in a massive “fracturing event” this spring that spread like a wave across 1,000 kilometres of the Beaufort Sea. Huge leads of water – some more than 500 kilometres long and as much as 70 kilometres across – opened up from Alaska to Canada’s Arctic islands as the massive ice sheet cracked as it was pushed around by strong winds and currents. It took just seven days for the fractures to progress across the entire area from west to east. [and from another] http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=80752&src=iot... A high-pressure weather system was parked over the region, producing warmer temperatures and winds that flowed in a southwesterly direction. That fueled the Beaufort Gyre, a wind-driven ocean current that flows clockwise. The gyre was the key force pulling pieces of ice west past Point Barrow, the northern nub of Alaska that protrudes into the Beaufort Sea.


The Figure 8 formed by the N Pole during the daily Earth wobble has shifted somewhat to the East, due to Planet X positioned more to the right of the Earth during its approach. This was anticipated, and well described in ZetaTalk, the Earth crowding to the left in the cup to escape the approach of Planet X, so the angle between these two planets would change slightly. This shift of the Figure 8 to the East is due to the push against the Earth’s magnetic N Pole occurring sooner each day than prior. Thus instead of occurring when the Sun is high over the Pacific, over New Zealand, it is now occurring when the Sun is high over Alaska. All the wobble points have shifted eastward accordingly.

This has brought a lingering Winter to the western US, and a changed sloshing pattern to the Arctic waters. Instead of Pacific waters being pushed through the Bering Straits into the Arctic when the polar push occurs, the wobble is swinging the Arctic to the right, and then later to the left, creating a circular motion in the waters trapped in the Arctic. Since the Earth rotates counterclockwise, the motion also takes this path. This is yet another piece of evidence that the establishment is hard pressed to explain. They are attempting to ascribe this to high pressure and wind, all of which are not new to the Arctic, but this circular early breakup of ice in the Arctic is new.

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Comment by SongStar101 on January 8, 2017 at 11:17am

From Istanbul to Moscow, cold snap wreaks havoc across Europe

https://www.rt.com/news/372917-snowstorm-swipes-across-europe/
Bone-freezing cold, heavy snowstorms, and floods have been plaguing the European continent this week, causing power outages, traffic jams, cancelled flights, and even a stream of plastic eggs with toys washing up on a German island.

On Saturday, heavy precipitation paralyzed Istanbul, Turkey. Around 6,000 passengers found themselves stranded as hundreds of flights to and from the city's main Ataturk Airport were cancelled due to the snowstorm.

The Bosphorus Strait was closed to ships due to poor visibility, cutting off the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea from the Mediterranean.

Many drivers abandoned their cars and walked rather than waiting for streets to be cleaned. Istanbul’s metro system operated throughout the night to deal with a sudden passenger spike.

On Friday, blizzards and snowstorms wreaked havoc across Bulgaria, forcing the closure of major roadways and the airport in the coastal city of Varna, as well as delays at Bucharest International Airport.

Bulgaria also experienced power outages after a nuclear power plant reactor in neighboring Romania was shut down by operator Nuclearelectrica. The company said the snowstorm caused interference in the power grid.

In Poland, local authorities said Friday was the deadliest day of the winter, with seven victims of the elements found throughout the day.

In Serbia, the weather caused a massive car collision involving 27 vehicles on a highway connecting the capital Belgrade and the city of Niš. Reports said 22 people were injured in the incident, including six children.

The entire southwestern part of the country, where 10,000 people live, was blocked off from the rest of Serbia by the storm.

In Ukraine, over 70 towns and villages throughout the country experienced power outages, the national emergency service reported. Ukraine boosted consumption of natural gas in response to the cold snap, with forecasts that in January it may burn twice more fuel from underground storage tanks than planned.

Moscow, where Orthodox Christians celebrated Christmas on Friday, experienced its coldest Christmas night in 120 years. Temperatures dropped to almost -30C in the city and as low as -32.7C in Moscow Region, the Russian national meteorological service said. It was the coldest Christmas night in Moscow since 1891, when the temperature dropped to -32.7C.


On Wednesday night, the storm Axel hit northern Germany, causing a flood with water levels rising by almost two meters in some areas. In Flensburg and Lübeck, the rising water lifted parked cars and sent them drifting down the street. In Bavaria, there was a spike in traffic accidents, with 160, or triple the usual level, reported in one day.

On a lighter note, residents of the German island Langeoog found an unexpected surprise on Thursday morning. Tens of thousands of plastic eggs with toys inside had been washed ashore. The eggs apparently came from a freighter ship which was transporting them for a Danish firm and lost them in the sea due to the storm.

“The surprise eggs have found their way to freedom,” Mayor Uwe Garrels commented. Children from the small community of less than 1,000 people quickly gathered as many eggs as they could.

Comment by SongStar101 on January 8, 2017 at 10:46am

Boise Declares State of Emergency

http://1035kissfmboise.com/boise-declares-state-of-emergency/?track...

Dec 5, 2017 Yikes!! This winter storm is more significant than we thought.

Boise mayor David Bieter declared the city to be in a state of emergency which would last for seven days according to KTVB.

The state of emergency status can last longer than the seven days, if Bieter decides to extend it. By doing so, Boise is able to bypass the typical methods such as bidding, in order to get the city the supplies it needs.

Currently, there is expected rainfall to hit the city within the next few days which can cause severe flooding. This threat has caused the city to begin contracting with operators of backhoes, dump trucks and other essentials if needed.

In addition to being in a state of emergency, schools have taken Friday off as well.

Comment by Stanislav on January 8, 2017 at 9:18am

Large-scale tornado outbreaks increasing in frequency, study finds

7 January, 2017. The frequency of large-scale tornado outbreaks is increasing in the United States, particularly when it comes to the most extreme events, according to research recently published in Science.

The study by researchers including Joel E. Cohen, a visiting scholar at the University of Chicago, finds the increase in tornado outbreaks does not appear to be the result of a warming climate as earlier models suggested. Instead, their findings tie the growth in frequency to trends in the vertical wind shear found in certain supercells—a change not so far associated with a warmer climate.
"What's pushing this rise in extreme outbreaks, during which the vast majority of tornado-related fatalities occur, is far from obvious in the present state of climate science," said Cohen, the Abby Rockefeller Mauzé Professor at Rockefeller University and Professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University, who conducted the research while a visiting scholar in UChicago's Department of Statistics.
Tornado outbreaks are large-scale weather events that last one to three days, featuring several thunderstorms and six or more tornadoes in close succession. In the study, published in the Dec. 16 issue of Science, the researchers used new statistical tools, including extreme value analysis—a branch of statistics dealing with deviations—to analyze observation-based meteorological estimates associated with tornado outbreaks together with National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration datasets.
The researchers estimated that the number of tornadoes in the most extreme outbreak in a five-year interval doubled over the last half-century. This means that in 1965 the worst outbreak expected over five years would have had about 40 tornadoes, while in 2015 the worst outbreak expected over five years would have had about 80 tornadoes.
"Viewing the data on thousands of tornadoes that have been reliably recorded in the United States over the past half-century as a population has permitted us to ask new questions and discover new, important changes in outbreaks of these tornadoes," Cohen said.
To understand the increased frequency in tornado outbreaks, the researchers looked at two factors: convective available potential energy, or CAPE, and storm relative helicity, which is a measure of vertical wind shear.
Earlier studies had projected a warming climate would increase CAPE, creating conditions favorable to a rise in severe thunderstorms—and potentially tornado outbreaks. But Cohen and his colleagues found the increases in outbreaks were driven instead by storm relative helicity, which has not been projected to increase under a warming climate.
"Our study raises new questions about what climate change will do to severe thunderstorms and what is responsible for recent trends," said co-author Michael K. Tippett, an associate professor at Columbia University's Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science. "The fact that we didn't see the presently understood meteorological signature of global warming in changing outbreak statistics for tornadoes leaves two possibilities: Either the recent increases are not due to a warming climate, or a warming climate has implications for tornado activity that we don't understand." Source: phys.org

Comment by KM on January 7, 2017 at 4:02pm

http://mashable.com/2017/01/06/california-storms-snow-flooding-atmo...

2-week blitz of storms to bring damaging flooding, 12-plus feet of snow to California

Snow continues to fall at Mammoth ski area
Snow continues to fall at Mammoth ski area


After six years of coping with the state's worst drought on record, Californians are not used to rain. But they'd better prepare for it, fast, because an onslaught of storms the likes of which the state has not seen in at least a decade is coming quickly.

These storms have tropical connections, and are bringing with them extraordinary amounts of rain and snow, along with strong winds. A dizzying array of storm watches and warnings have been issued across the West, from freezing rain advisories (Oregon) to flash flood watches (California) to winter storm watches and warnings (Rocky Mountains), as the most intense storm approaches for Saturday through Monday. 

These storms, known as "atmospheric rivers" for their extraordinarily narrow channels of eye-popping levels of moisture, and hence copious amounts of rain and mountain snow, could have deadly consequences, officials are warning. 

The National Weather Service is cautioning millions from the San Francisco Bay area to Lake Tahoe to be prepared for potentially historic flooding as the storm systems wreak havoc with streams and rivers. 


Precipitable water forecast for the weekend, with white arrows showing the corridor of the West Coast atmospheric river.


Precipitable water forecast for the weekend, with white arrows showing the corridor of the West Coast atmospheric river.


The weekend storm is forecast to dump at least 7 inches of rain in the Bay Area, with up to a foot of rain in some of the hilly areas nearby, while several more feet of snow fall in the highest peaks of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. 

Of particular concern is the presence of 4 to 8 feet of new snow that fell this week even at lower elevations in the mountains of northern and central California. 

Photos from ski areas in the Sierras showed a winter wonderland of fresh powder, which many skiers and snowboarders took advantage of before the next storms hit.


The weekend storm is forecast to bring with it a slug of mild air all the way from the tropics, which will turn the heavy, cement-like snow to rain from the surface all the way to 9,000 feet during the height of the storm. This means all but the highest mountain peaks will see rain for part of the event, before temperatures plummet again by Monday.

This raises the specter of snowmelt-induced flooding in areas like Yosemite National Park, the Lake Tahoe region and other parts of the Golden State. 

Here's how meteorologists at the National Weather Service in Reno described the flood dangers this storm poses: 

"It won't take much rainfall to generate flood impacts across the Sierra and western Nevada.Creeks, streams, urban areas and farmland are certainly at risk for flooding late this weekend."

By the time the next storm is over, the highest peaks of California's Sierra Nevada Mountains and parts of the Cascade range will have picked up over 120 to 150 inches of snow in the past seven days, with much more on the way as more storms take aim at the West next week and beyond. 

In fact, computer models show storms with atmospheric river links stacked up one after the other like planes landing at O'Hare Airport during rush hour. 

"The amount of rain over the next 7-10 days will likely be substantial if not historic," according to the National Weather Service (NWS) forecast office in San Francisco.

Comment by Stanislav on January 7, 2017 at 11:13am

Christmas night in Moscow was the coldest in the XXI century 

Google translate

7 January, 2017. Christmas Night in Moscow was very frosty since the beginning of winter, the air in the capital has cooled to minus 29.8 degrees, was reported in the Russian Hydrometeorological Center.

"It's so cold in this century in the night of 6 January 7 was not. In the XXI century, 20 degrees of frost on Christmas night marked three times (2002, 2003 and 2015). Last Christmas frosty (minus 20.4 degrees) was observed . in 2015, the most frosty in this century was Christmas 2003, then amplified by the frost to minus 26 degrees, "- said the representative of the weather service.
Even cooler was that night in the suburbs. In Klin air is cooled to minus 32.7 degrees, Volokolamsk - up to 32.2 degrees Celsius.
However, the temperature record for December 7 is not broken. The coldest in the history of meteorological observations Christmas night in Moscow was in 1891, when the air is cooled down to minus 34.8 degrees, the warmest day of January 7 states in 2007, when the maximum temperature reached 3.5 degrees Celsius. Source: tass.ru

Comment by James of Idaho on January 6, 2017 at 10:09pm

Wave cloud  SE Idaho January 6th 2017 ........This wave appeared in a chemtrail after it had been sprayed  and approximately 15 minutes had gone by .   It was to be a cloudless sky today but the chemtrailers  won't let that happen and now their  dirty work betrays them.   Pictures show when it formed to when it dissipated within just a few short minutes .

Comment by KM on January 6, 2017 at 12:32pm

http://www.thelocal.dk/20170105/photos-100-year-flood-hits-denmark

IN PHOTOS: 100-year flood hits Denmark

IN PHOTOS: 100-year flood hits Denmark
Kolding resident Niels Holflod fights to empty his basement in the early hours on Thursday. Photo: Palle Peter Skov/Scanpix
Water levels in parts of Denmark reached up to 177cm above normal on Thursday morning after a predicted winter storm swept through the nation.
The water rose so high in areas in southern Denmark that the Danish Meteorology Institute (DMI) said that levels reached heights that statistically only come once a century. 
 
“We had 100-year floods in Sønderborg, Bagenkop, Aabenraa, Rødbyhavn, Hesnæs, Rødvig and Køge,” DMI spokesman Frank Nielsen told broadcaster DR early on Thursday. 
 
Emergency workers pump water at Aabenraa Harbour. Photo: Søren Gylling/Scanpix
Emergency workers pump water at Aabenraa Harbour. 
 
The highest recorded levels were in southern Lolland and Jutland, where water topped out at 177 centimetres above normal. In Copenhagen, water rose 87cm while just south of the city in Dragør the water level was 139cm above normal. 
 
DMI said that the waters wouldn’t recede until late morning on Thursday. 
 
 
Despite the so-called 100-year flooding, the storm’s arrival was so well warned in advance that emergency preparations were able to avert major damage. 
 
“It appears as if the different players like emergency services and the police had enough time to be well-prepared so they could fend off the worst problems. They were definitely not caught with their pants down,” Nielsen said. 
 
Emergency preparations in Faaborg on the island of Funen. Photo: Ólafur Steinar Gestsson/Scanpix
Emergency preparations in Faaborg on the island of Funen. 
 
Emergency responder Falck said that it only had to respond to nine emergency calls as the waters rose.
 
“There was actually less to do than on a normal night. We have thus far only been called out on nine water-related jobs throughout the whole country,” Falck spokesman Jesper Jakobsen told Ritzau, adding that his company was “surprised” by the quiet night. 
 
“We need to send our compliments to Beredskabsstyrelsen [the Danish Emergency Management Agency, ed.], which did a great job of preventive work,” Jakobsen said. 
 
Boating docks on the Jutland side of Sønderborg were underwater on Thursday morning. Photto: Lene Esthave/Scanpix
Boating docks at Sønderborg were underwater on Thursday morning.
 
At the Danish Emergency Management Agency, they in turn gave credit to DMI for its “impressively precise forecasts” that allowed for proper preparation. 
 
While the worst of the flooding came and went without extensive damage, it was replaced by bitter cold on Thursday with daytime highs only expected to peak at -1C. 
 
Comment by KM on January 6, 2017 at 12:22pm

https://weather.com/storms/winter/news/winter-storm-helena-impacts

Winter Storm Helena Pushes East, Killing 2; State of Emergency Declared in Alabama, Georgia

 

The rush was on as millions in the Deep South began preparations Thursday for Helena, a dangerous, deadly winter storm that could cause serious problems across the region over the weekend. 

Alabama Gov. Robert Bentley announced Thursday afternoon that a state of emergency will take effect Friday morning at 7 a.m. CST. The declaration affects all counties in the state, and among the impacts of the state of emergency is the activation of 300 soldiers from the Alabama National Guard to assist mission support teams and command staff. 

Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal also declared a state of emergency, which was set to begin at noon on Friday. 

On Thursday, the Georgia Emergency Management Agency warned North Georgia residents to prepare for the winter storm and urged people to have enough food and other supplies on hand to stay in their homes for t.... Several school districts in metro Atlanta will dismiss students early on Friday. 

The Georgia Department of Transportation began working days ahead of the storm to make sure they are ready when wintry weather moves into central and north Georgia, including metro Atlanta, Friday night into Saturday, reports WALB.com. 

"In the metro area, we have 10 5,000-gallon tanker trucks to treat the interstate," GDOT Maintenance Engineer Dale Bradley said. 

Pre-treating roads with brine is a new tactic for GDOT since Winter Storm Leon crippled the city and left drivers stranded on area roads in January 2014. 

"We are trying to pre-treat before the storm, but at the same time close enough to the storm that if it does come in as heavy rain, we don't get a lot of it washed off," Bradley said. 

Into the Carolinas, residents began to stock up on food and other supplies with even bigger snow totals in the forecast. 

Comment by Stanislav on January 4, 2017 at 6:34pm

Record drought in Bolivia drains lakes, threatens capital

A dried farmland is seen during the worst drought in 25 years in El Choro, Bolivia, on December 1, 2016. (David Mercado/Reuters)

4 January, 2017. Lake Poopo, Bolivia's second-largest, has dried up entirely

Last year, the flowering quinoa plants painted Florencio Tola's farmlands in vibrant sepia and ochre tones.

But this season, all that could be seen was the straw colour of dried-out stalks that never germinated amid Bolivia's worst drought in 30 years. Nearby a collection of scrawny cows, with their ribs protruding and flaccid udders, grazed on what little vegetation could be found on the sere ground.

"It's as if I had never sown anything," said Tola, 60, who like thousands of other farmers planted his quinoa in October ahead of the rainy season that usually runs through March.

He and thousands of other farmers in the Bolivian high plains believe they have been hit by a particularly strong weather phenomenon known as El Nino, caused by warming waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Crops and livestock were decimated, and reservoirs that supply the capital of La Paz and other cities have dropped to alarming levels. Lake Poopo, Bolivia's second-largest, has dried up entirely.

"The 2015-2016 (El Nino) is one of the strongest in 30 years, although scientists' verdict on its role in the current drought has not been concluded yet," said Dirk Hoffmann, a glacial and climate specialist who directs the Bolivian Mountain Institute, a research and advisory foundation.

Bolivian President Evo Morales has warned that if the rainy season is delayed further, it could deplete food supply next year. In October he approved a $250 million emergency plan to support those affected by the drought by drilling wells to stave off potential water shortages.

Rain, but not enough

Cows graze on arid fields during a severe and prolonged drought on the outskirts of Burguillos in Bolivia's Altiplano. Bolivia's worst drought in 30 years has decimated crops and livestock and evaporated the country's second largest lake. (Juan Karita/The Associated Press)

While there have been isolated heavy rains in recent weeks, they haven't yet been enough to compensate for months of drier than usual weather.

Authorities say reservoir levels are at their lowest level ever. According to Humberto Claure, manager of the Social Public Enterprise for Water and Sanitation, even generous rains will not fill up the five dams that serve La Paz, so the emergency is expected to last through the end of 2017.

The city relies on rain for 80 per cent of its water, and this season has seen just 10 per cent of normal rainfall, according to hydrological scientist Edson Ramirez of the Higher University of San Andres.

In some parts of the capital, water no longer flows through the pipes and people are forced to rely on trucked deliveries. Several weeks ago, La Paz's largest hospital limited surgeries to only the most urgent cases because of low water pressure. Public schools ended the academic cycle early. The popular professional soccer club The Strongest even asked its players to shower at home.

Crop losses

But the drought has hit hardest in the countryside, including the eastern region that is often punished by deluges and flash floods. The Agricultural Chamber of the East reported the loss of nearly 50 per cent of production over the South American winter in that part of the country, equivalent to 448,000 tons of soy, corn and wheat.

Although the South American summer has already begun, fields in the Andean region retain the yellowish hue of autumn. In the eastern lowlands, rice paddies dried out before germination due to the drought, which aggravated pest infestations, according to growers. In the central valleys, you can see skeletons of animals that died looking for watering holes.

Farmers' groups say 30 per cent of the quinoa crop has been lost to the delayed rains.

Often referred to as the "golden grain of the Andes," quinoa cultivation has helped thousands of farmers climb out of poverty after it became widely popular overseas among organic-oriented consumers during the last decade.

Many in Bolivia turned to the crop as prices rose from $11 for roughly 50 kilograms in the early 2000s to as high as $259 at the end of 2014.

That fell last year to $100 per 50 kilograms, but the drought remains the worst enemy of farmers like Tola.

This season, nothing has sprouted on his lands in Caracollo, about 110 miles (180 kilometres) east of La Paz.
"As a teen I went to the city of Oruro to make a living because the countryside didn't allow you to live," Tola said. "But I returned to my family when quinoa got better and had a good price. I improved my little home and built more rooms for my children."

Migration

In many rural villages, farmers' desperation is so great that Roman Catholic saints have been brought out in processions and offerings have been made to the Pachamama, or Mother Earth of indigenous tradition, beseeching her for the rains to arrive.

"Families are beginning to migrate," said Mayor Jaime Mendieta of Pasorapa, a village in the high valleys of central Bolivia. "You see it in the schools. Children are enrolled in neighbouring municipalities where there is water because parents know there will be production there."

Tola said that if it weren't for his cattle, he would have already joined his eldest son, who left for eastern Bolivia to find work as a day labourer. But he hopes to never again have to abandon his home like he did in his youth.

"I wouldn't want to leave my town again," Tola said. Source: cbc.ca

Comment by Stanislav on January 4, 2017 at 6:32pm

Scientists Say 2016 Is Hottest Year Ever Recorded

Source: mercurynews.com

3 January, 2017. Climate scientists are all but assured that 2016 was the hottest year ever recorded. If that sounds familiar, 2014 and 2015 were also the hottest years since record-keeping began in 1880.

"2016 will break the global temperature record that was set in 2015, which broke the record that was set in 2014," climate change scientist Noah S. Diffenbaugh, professor of the Department of Earth System Science at Stanford University, told The Mercury News.

A number of experts and government organizations had already predicted that 2016 was Earth's hottest year in recorded history.

Last month, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) announced that El Nino drove much of the record warmth during the first two-thirds of 2016, while a weak La Nina cooled the globe down during the past few months. However, the period between January to November of 2016 was the warmest such period on record.

"The average global temperature was 1.69 degrees F above the average of 57.2 degrees, surpassing the record set in 2015 by 0.13 degrees F," the agency stated.

Recent headlines from publications around the world—from Houston, Texas to Singapore—have declared extreme heat. Meanwhile, the Arctic in particular saw "a meteoric rise" in October heat that contributed to the region's record low sea ice extent for the month, which clocked in at 28.5 percent below the 1981-2010 average. Source: ecowatch.com

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